ARTH101 Discussion Topic 7: The Medium is the Message

Marshall McLuhan’s quote that “the medium is the message” helps us understand the frontiers and limits of the tools we use. Artistic mediums are not only extensions of our creativity but avenues that help define changes in scale. For example, the introduction of painting extends by leaps and bounds what drawing could do.

Using this list of online galleries, find one example of each two-dimensional medium we have covered: drawing, painting, printmaking and collage. Write a short summary of how the nature of each medium dictates the expression of the artist using it. In other words, what makes each medium unique, and how does it limit or expand what the artist is able to do with it?

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Here are my four selected works for this topic 7: The Medium is the Message

Drawing

Work chosen: Perspective Study of a Chalice (pen and ink on paper, 29 x 24.5 cm) by Paolo Uccello (born Paolo di Dono, Italian, 1397-1475), URL: http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/r/renaissance.earlier.html.

Although drawings are implicitly rendered in two-dimensional form, artists have nonetheless been able to overcome this particular shortcoming of the medium by making images appear in three-dimensional form with the help of lines, depth, perspective, and other drawing techniques.

I chose this Early-Renaissance work because it illustrates a means by which the artist was able to expand the traditional reaches of this particular medium by making the subject – in this case a chalice – appear in three-dimensional form through an innovative “wireframe” representation. Another benefit of this form of drawing
is that it can serve as a basis for the construction of an actual three-dimensional object. Many other artists – such as da Vinci – have used this technique as a vehicle for the production of other forms of art such as architectural elements or structures for instance.

Painting

Work chosen: The Decapitation of Saint John the Baptist (Oil on canvas, 361
cm × 520 cm) by Michelangelo da Caravaggio, URL: http://www.caravaggio.org/the-decapitation-of-saint-john-the-baptist.jsp

Paintings usually depict a scene which is interpreted as that – only a scene; and that is a great limitation of the medium. But through his genius and perhaps inexplicable talent, Caravaggio shatters the limits of the traditional painting medium and manages to bring it to life as if the viewer were experiencing not the scene, but rather the morbid and ugly reality of that moment itself. Many of Caravaggio’s paintings have this effect of making the viewer feel and experience the scene rather than just admire it. Few artists have been able to use the medium of painting to such great effect.

Printmaking

Work chosen: The Great Wave at Kanagawa (Oil on canvas, 361 cm × 520 cm) by Katsushika Hokusai (Japanese, 1760–1849), Edo period, ca. 1831–33, Polychrome ink and color on paper (Woodblock Print in the Ukiyo-e Style), URL: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/JP1847

Whereas earlier woodblock prints were mostly made for producing texts (especially Buddhist scriptures) in monochrome tints Hokusai cast aside the earlier limitations of the technology and took advantage of the new (from around 1765 CE) polychrome multi-color print technology. Printmakers were thus able to use separate carved wood blocks for each color. This had a dramatic effect in that it revolutionized woodblock printing whereby texts could include images and various print arts could be seen in a whole new colorful way. The technology was used not only to produce wonderful prints such as Hokusai’s The Great Wave at Kanagawa but many other kinds such as calendars, novels, posters, advertisements, and so on. In short, this radical evolution in woodblock printing changed the medium’s look and feel from that point onward.

Collage

Work chosen: Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing? by Richard William Hamilton (British, 1922-2011), 1956, URL: https://learnodo-newtonic.com/10-most-famous-pop-art-paintings-and-collages

Hamilton used cut images from various American magazines to produce his collages. The limitation of photo images in magazines was that it usually included a single image with either a single theme or context. But with the uxtapositioning and layering of various cut-up images, artists such as Hamilton could now produce eye-catching visual effects in composition which made for quite fascinating works. One could easily argue that this avant-garde means by which the medium was exploited paved the way for a new form of artistic expression, namely Pop-Art.

  • Dan Fournier, 2016-01-06
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Following are my four selected works for the discussion topic: The Medium is the Message:

Drawing

Artwork: The Discovery (pen and ink on paper, 529 x 658 mm) by Henry Fuseli in 1767
Link: http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/113496

image

Drawing may seem simplistic in its elements however drawing allows the artist to manipulate the lines in the image to allow for movement and motion in an otherwise flat image. The artist Fuseli is able to use drawing to create images that make the viewer feel as if they too are in the scene being acted out. The way the lines are drawn and connected to each other allows movement of the various shapes and provides realistic motion to a two-dimensional image.

Painting
Artwork: Spring Morning in the Han Palace (ink and color on silk, 30.6 x 574.1 cm) by Qiu Ying in the 17th century
Link: http://www.comuseum.com/painting/masters/qiu-ying/spring-morning-in-the-han-palace/

image

Painting allowed for the introduction of color which allowed the artist to captivate the viewer but using various colors. This painting, in particular, uses crisp, bright colors which help give the viewer a sense of the emotion happening in the image, that emotion being that of happiness, grandeur, and leisure. It also gives the image a sense of beauty that the black and white tones of drawing can sometimes lack.

Printmaking
Artwork: Tetuans de las victoria (linocut, 15 5/8 x 24 3/8 in) by Manuel Izquierdo in the 20th century
Link: http://www.michaelparsonsfineart.com/september-2015---printmaking-in-oregon.html

image

Printmaking allowed the artist to utilize lines in a unique way that once cut or etched could be filled with ink and transferred to another medium and could be transferred many times. The original etching created that of a matrix or template that could serve to produce several transferred images of the artist’s original work. The matrix could be as detailed or as simplistic as the artist and the medium determined and created a unique contrast of color, typically black and white, that really “popped” off the medium.

Collage
Artwork: Cosmonaut (cut paper) by Erik Farseth in 2017
Link: http://jcruelty.com/work/collage-art/

image

Collage is a fairly newer medium that artists can use to help the viewer receive the artist’s message in a unique way. In this collage, the artist uses pieces of cut paper layered on top of each other to form a larger image or meaning. In Farseth’s own words, “Created against the backdrop of a nation that seems to be tearing itself apart, my collage art channels that same feeling of global insecurity into topsy-turvy landscapes, baroque machine art, fragmented fairy tales, and nightmare visions of a world gone awry (Farseth, 2017).” Collage art not only translates a message in the overall image but with the use of materials layered on each other can also translate “mini-messages” to the viewer as well.

Of all the Internet look through that end up at the McLuhan Program site and weblog, the quest for the importance of the well known “McLuhan Equation” is the most successive. Numerous individuals assume the ordinary significance for “medium” that alludes to the broad communications of interchanges - radio, TV, the press, the Internet. Furthermore, most apply our ordinary comprehension of “message” as substance or data. Assembling the two enables individuals to hop to the mixed up end that, by one way or another, the direct supplants the substance in significance, or that McLuhan was stating that the data substance ought to be disregarded as immaterial. Regularly individuals will triumphantly hail that the medium is “never again the message,” or flip it around to declare that the “message is the medium,” or some other such babble. McLuhan implied what he said; sadly, his significance isn’t at all self-evident, and that is the place we start our voyage to comprehension.

Marshall McLuhan was worried about the perception that we will in general spotlight on the self-evident. In doing as such, we to a great extent miss the auxiliary changes in our undertakings that are presented unpretentiously, or over significant stretches of time. At whatever point we make another development - be it a creation or another thought - a large number of its properties are genuinely evident to us. We by and large realize what it will ostensibly do, or if nothing else what it is proposed to do, and what it may supplant. We frequently realize what its focal points and impediments may be. In any case, it is additionally frequently the case that, after an extensive stretch of time and involvement in the new advancement, we look in reverse and understand that there were a few impacts of which we were totally ignorant at the beginning. We now and then call these impacts “unintended results,” albeit “unexpected outcomes” may be a progressively precise portrayal.

A significant number of the unforeseen outcomes originate from the way that there are conditions in our general public and culture that we simply don’t contemplate in our arranging. These range from social or strict issues and chronicled points of reference, through interchange with existing conditions, to the optional or tertiary impacts in a course of connections. These dynamic procedures that are totally non-evident include our ground or setting. They all work quietly to impact the manner by which we collaborate with each other, and with our general public on the loose. In a word (or four), ground includes all that we don’t take note

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your abstract is seems like good

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The scream by Edward Munch is realised with tempera and crayon on canvas. This type of colors are the most suitable to give the paint pathos and tension.
Justinian Mosaic in Ravenna. The mosaic was realized in the Bizantin period to celebrate the Emperor. The mosaic cover the roof of a church in Ravenna Italy and its pieces are golden and in bright color.
Der Kuss by Peter Behrens. The artwork is realised over color woodcut printed in different color. The choice of the medium is linked to the historical and artistical context of the jugendstil, which was trying to combine art and design.

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I chose “Industrial landscape”by Julian Trevelyan(c1950)
Industrial landscape by Julian Trevelyan depicts the artist’s viewpoint and the message of “companies are taking over!”.with the black factory chimneys,and the scrapes of newspaper with heads on top shoes Julian Trevelyan’s opinion of newspapers are very well for information, and the stick-like figures close to the factory chimneys implies employees,in addition to the bear-like figure supporting the message of factories taking over.

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Man In nature is a drawing by Khalil Ahmad Zumbul which was uploaded on January 18th, 2019.

The artist of this drawing tried to conveys his thought of using thin and thick contrast of expressive lines, depicting the movement of life from nature to form an image of a human within itself. The actual lines of dark colors found at the bottom give the energy of flowing movements upward connected with thin branches heading to different directions conveyed a stable position of those birds resting on branches. This composition showed a relative used on kinds of lines using a deeper black color of certain types of drawing media.

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Vincent Van Gogh
Impasto
Oil Painting on Canvas
The artist used thick oil paint on canvas. The brush is overloaded with thick paint and successfully applied on the surface of the canvas to depict a graceful movement of seemingly dancing monochromatic family of green bushes, the additive colors of light green to muted colors gives contrast to a subtractive color of green on the upper surface of the canvas, with an overlapping shade of yellow ocher to reflect light behind dark bushes. The foreground works in yellow ocher and pale-yellow grasses, tending bright colors as a reflection of sunlight in near noontime. The artist conveyed a highly convincing textured composition deliberately gives a cool to the warm feeling that natures can give to man.

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The artist creates a full of tiny woodcut illustrations that have been finely cut to achieve the effect of both line and tone. Textures are created using only black and white to portray a message of human life and experience of hard labor in the field.

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“Collages are also often used to solve crimes of a complicated nature”. (An article)

This is a collage using a piece of cloth, pages of an old book, newspapers, and a charcoal drawing media that are put together to depict something hidden meaning. The artist had successfully put together a dramatic assemblage of chosen media, to create a meaningful effect of a woman that is valued to be the subject of this artwork. The eye-catching neutral brown color on the left side becomes the focal point of this composition, which gives a contrasting effect of tints or pale skin color on the right side.

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You have good simple descriptions of each painting describing its medium.

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DRAWING- In The Violinist by Edgar Degas (French, 1834–1917) soft charcoal has bee used for the drawing. We can say that the drawing has light tones and a velvety feel to it, so probably vine charcoal has been used as the lines are not dark and too much pressure doesn’t seem to have been applied here. The lighter tones allows the artist to sketch a dull image of the man, also showing his shabby clothes and whitish beard. Adding to the seriousness of the situation.

PAINTING- Christ in Majesty with Symbols of the Four Evangelists BY Unidentified artist Spanish (Catalan) 12th Century is a Secco Fresco Painting. It has exclusively been done on plaster behind the altar in a Church in Spain. It is a dry fresco painting or Secco. Probably egg tempera was used to bind it on the plaster wall. The painting is not very stable and hasn’t lasted in its original condition as we can see from the image parts of it have been rubbed off. Frescos are usually meant to last for a long time.

PRINTMAKING- Lets discuss 0 through 9 by Jasper Johns (American, born in 1930). It is a Lithograph. This is an example of Planar Prints. It is printed on stone and then transferred on to paper. It allows the artist to print each number very clearly and distinctly. Clarity comes at less cost. There is no need to printing expressions. It turns around fast too.

COLLAGE- Pictorial Quilt by [Harriet Powers](American, 1837–1910)is an ancient example of collage. The quilt has been put together with many pieces cut and appliquéd together as one piece. This has allowed the artist to work with many colours, depict various scenes and objects across the fifteen square blocks. The versatility of the quilt is amazing. He has applied cotton fabric upon cotton to give a uniform look to the whole collage.

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