BUS 206: Information Systems



An information system is an overly broad term to describe functionality of things in a technical age. Things like banking and doctor visits and even pumping gas are all examples of an information system - there’s hardware, software, data, people and a process all involved. From ATMs and gas pumps, to patient databases, nowadays nearly everything can be an example of an information system.


According to my understanding, Information Systems is a technological term that describes how information is handled. Five main components are used in the treatment of information which are:

  1. Hardware: main material (computer) used to automatically treat information
  2. Software: application that tells the material (computer) what to do
  3. data: the pieces of information gathered
  4. People: Computer users
  5. Process: series of steps used to treat the pieces of information.
    In a nutshell, this is what information system is all about.


Information system is a set of tools/component that simplify the execution of tasks or duties at the office or home.

Information system comprises of Hardware, software, data, people and process that works in synchronization to accomplish desired target.

Example can be seen in the Smartphone (Hardware) to read and send E-Mail(Software) to/from clientele or colleagues in the office. This short example encompasses the components of Information systems.


In my own words, I would define information systems as a neccesary tool in our everyday lives not only in business. If we analyze the components, roles and benefits to us we would say it’s a necessity to man. Information system is basically technology, process and people. Technology which includes; data(information), hardware and software. Information systems helps businesses in manipulating data which can be inventory to improve it’s services or production capacity. Information is processed using computer through different software example; Microsoft office(Word, Excel, outlook, publisher) after processing this information it is then passed down to different departments or units which are then used to work.


Info systems involve different components that work together to drive value for an organization. The 5 components are hardware, software, data, people, and process.


Information systems is composed of hardware, software, data, people, and process. Hardware is the tangible part of the information system, such as a computer or phone, that is instructed by the software. Data is the collection of facts that help make decisions. People are the people involved with the information system in every step of the process. The process then is a series of steps taken to achieve a goal. Together, these components ae able to collect, store, and distribute information to help make decisions within an organization.


An information system is a system that allows us to receive and send information. it has five components which are: hardware like computer, software like word, process (steps to accomplish goalsi, people, data like phone numbers, addresses…


In my opinion an information system is something which helps you in giving meaning to your data. It consists of 5 components that are hardware, software, data, people and process. Now just for an example if you someone thinks that there is a connection between study hours spent for a subject and the academic performance of a student. Then the said person will have to conduct a survey to find out the time people invest in a particular course and their performance( percentage or GPA in that particular course). The data gathered alone can’t help our objective but we will have to sort that data using some systems. We will have to use hardware, software and people (for data entry and collection) and most of all will have to design all the activity (process). All these activities combined are information system.


Information Systems is a combination of technologies that people and organizations use to collect information and use to gain more knowledge. Hardware, software, data, people, and process are the five basic components. These components and the roles that those components play is vital to organizations wanting to become more efficient. The major role of these components is to take data and turn it into information and then transform that into organizational knowledge.