BUS402: Unit 5 Discussion Questions

Consider responding to the following questions by posting your response on the course discussion board for BUS402. You may also respond to other students’ posts.

1. From Unit 5, what is most useful technique/tool you have learned to control project quality, and why?
2. In your opinion, what are top three risks for managing a large project? Please give a few examples for each identified risk.
3. What is Six Sigma? How does the Six Sigma relate to project management practices?
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Answer (A):

1A: SQC (Statistical Quality Control), By this method we can understand acceptable variation and control limits of the process/product.

2A:

• Safety risks are common on construction projects.

• Changes in the value of local currency during a project affect purchasing power and budgets on projects with large international components.

• Projects that depend on good weather, such as road construction or coastal projects, face risk of delays due to exceptionally wet or windy weather.

3A: Six Sigma is statistical tool that measures process variability and DPMO (Defects per Million Opportunities) 3.4. It is up to management to design a process that will consistently produce products between those limits

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1. Check Sheets, Histograms, and Pareto Charts
When solving several quality problems, a project manager has to choose which ones to deal with first. One way of prioritizing quality problems is to identify which problems occur most often. These data can be collected through a check sheet, which is a basic form for the user to check every time a problem occurs in the appropriate box or by automating the data collection process using the appropriate technology. Once the data is collected, it can be analyzed by creating a histogram type of frequency distribution chart.
A true histogram is a column chart in which the column width fills the available space on the horizontal axis and is proportional to the category values shown on thex axis, while the column height is proportional to the occurrence frequency. Most histograms use one width of column to represent a category, while the vertical axis represents the frequency of occurrence. A variation on the histogram is a frequency distribution chart invented by economist Vilfredo Pareto known as a Pareto chart, in which the columns are arranged in decreasing order with the most common on the left and a line added that shows the cumulative total. The combination of columns and a line allows the user to tell at a glance which problems are most frequent and what fraction of the total they represent.

2. a. Project management risk
b. Security risk
c. Internet risk

3.Six Sigma is a quality program that, when all is said and done, improves your customer’s experience, lowers your costs, and builds better leaders.
Six Sigma in many organizations simply means a quality measure which strives for almost perfection. It can be called " Six Sigma " or it can have a generic or customized name, such as " Operational Excellence, " " Zero Defects " or " Customer Perfection. "Six Sigma is a disciplined, data - driven approach and methodology for the elimination of defects (driving towards six standard deviations between the mean and the closest specification limit) in any process –from production to transaction and from product to service.
The Six Sigma DMAIC process (defining, measuring, analyzing, improving, controlling) is an improvement system for existing processes that fall below requirements and seek incremental improvement.
The Six Sigma DMADV process (defining, measuring, analyzing, designing, verifying) is an improvement system used to develop new Six Sigma quality processes or products. It can also be used if an existing process requires more than just an increase.

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I also agree

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1. the most useful tool to control project quality is :
SQC (Statistical Quality Control), Check Sheets, Histograms, and Pareto Charts …

Why: those method which allows to judge the quality with scientific indictors on an interval in a duration of time (without using the emotions, because quality is relative)

1. three risks for managing a large project
Safety risks : work accident
ecological risk : waste water DBO , noise.
changes in the value of currency : large project=large duration, in the othre side the local currency is very floating from some country.

2. definition :

Six Sigma is a data driven, customer focused, and result oriented methodology which uses statistical tools and techniques to systematically eliminate the defects and inefficiencies to improve processes.

how :

There are mainly two methodologies of Six Sigma namely DMAIC and DMADV .

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learning

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This is so on point. The precision of the above mentioned tools make them a better one.

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1. From Unit 5, what is most useful technique/tool you have learned to control project quality, and why?

• Statistical technique

1. In your opinion, what are top three risks for managing a large project? Please give a few examples for each identified risk.

• People
• Environment
• Weather

1. What is Six Sigma? How does the Six Sigma relate to project management practices?

• Six Sigma is a set of management techniques intended to improve business processes by greatly reducing the probability that an error or defect will occur.

• The Six Sigma focuses on better understanding of customer requirements, improving business systems throughout the organization, and enhancing the organization’s financial performance.

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1.Flow chart, check sheet, histogram, pareto diagram, fish bone diagram, scatter diagram, and control charts.
2. cost, time and scope.
3. Six sigma is data driven and 3.4 defects per million products with a process stage of define, measure, analyze, improve and lastly control.

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1.The use of statistics and mathematical interpretations. This is because from this one can understand acceptable variations and control process limit.

2.safety risk
Ecological risk
Unknown risks

1. The six sigma is an indices for managing or ensuring quality. It emphasizes on quantifiable financial returns
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1. The most useful technique/tool to control project quality is the statistical sampling. This technique is able to handle large numbers of measurements and is able to determine how well the product meets specification.

2. The three risks in managi g complex projects include safety risks eg accidents , client expectation eg the client might change the requirements of a project and weather risks which may include heavy rains

3. Six sigma refers to a set of techniques and tools for process improvement. Six sigma relates to management process in a way that it strategises in seeking to improve quality out put of the process by identifying and removing the causes of defects and minimising viability in manufacturing and a business process. It seems to increase in performance while decreasing the process variation which leads to defects reduction and improve in profits, improyee satisfaction and quality products or services

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Q1: From Unit 5, what is most useful technique/tool you have learned to control project quality, and why?
A1. I can distinquish SQC (Statistical Quality Control), Check Sheets, Histograms, and Pareto Charts because allow to judge the quality with scientific indicators on an interval in a duration of time (without using the emotions, because quality is relative).

Q2: 1. In your opinion, what are top three risks for managing a large project? Please give a few examples for each identified risk.
A2.

• Safety risks : work accident on construction projects
• Ecological risk : waste water DBO , noise in road construction or coastal projects, face risk of delays due to exceptionally wet or windy weather
• Changes in the value of currency : during a project affect purchasing power and budgets on projects with large international components.

Q3: 1. What is Six Sigma? How does the Six Sigma relate to project management practices?
A3. Six sigma refers to a set of techniques and tools for process improvement. Six sigma relates to management process in a way that it strategies in seeking to improve quality out put of the process by identifying and removing the causes of defects and minimising viability in manufacturing and a business process. It seems to increase in performance while decreasing the process variation which leads to defects reduction and improve in profits, improve satisfaction and quality products or services.

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1.From Unit 5, what is most useful technique/tool you have learned to control project quality, and why?
SQC (Statistical Quality Control), Check Sheets, Histograms, and Pareto Charts
2.In your opinion, what are top three risks for managing a large project? Give a few examples for each identified risk.
people
weather
safety

3.What is Six Sigma? How does the Six Sigma relate to project management practices?
Six Sigma is a disciplined, statistical-based, data-driven approach and continuous improvement methodology for eliminating defects in a product, process or service. … Six Sigma can also be thought of as a measure of process performance, with Six Sigma being the goal, based on the defects per million

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1A: SQC (Statistical Quality Control), By this method we can understand acceptable variation and control limits of the process/product.

2A:

• Safety risks are common on construction projects.
• Changes in the value of local currency during a project affect purchasing power and budgets on projects with large international components.
• Projects that depend on good weather, such as road construction or coastal projects, face risk of delays due to exceptionally wet or windy weather.

3A: Six Sigma is statistical tool that measures process variability and DPMO (Defects per Million Opportunities) 3.4. It is up to management to design a process that will consistently produce products between those limits

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• SQC (Statistical Quality Control)…Benefits of Statistical Quality Control** . 1) It provides a means of detecting error at inspection . 2) It leads to more uniform quality of production. 3) It improves the relationship with the customer.

• 1-Security risks.
2-Variations in the value of local currency during a project.
3-Projects that depend on good weather.

• Six Sigma is a disciplined, statistical-based, data-driven approach and continuous improvement methodology for eliminating defects in a product, process or service. …

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top 3 risks :

• Cost risk , typically escalation of project costs due to poor cost estimating accuracy and scope creep.
• Schedule risk , the risk that activities will take longer than expected.
• Performance risk , the risk that the project will fail to produce results consistent with project specifications.
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1. From Unit 5, what is most useful technique/tool you have learned to control project quality, and why?

Answer: Cost-to-Benefit Analysis. Because the cost of prevention is more often part of the project budget, the case must be made for increasing the project budget to raise quality. Some quality management programs, like Six Sigma, require that expenditures for quality are justified using a cost-to-benefit analysis that is similar to calculating the cost of quality, except that it is a ratio of cost of increasing quality to the resulting benefit.

1. In your opinion, what are top three risks for managing a large project? Please give a few examples for each identified risk.

Answer: Top three risk of managing a large project are:

Safety Risk : The fatal case causing loss of life in a construction project can badly effect the organisation causing loss of fund, loss of reputation and substantial delay in project.

Risk from quality issues: Rework & repair always increases project cost and delay.

Availability of resources: Non availability of necessary resource like a high capacity crane during critical erection work or reinforcing concrete during casting of slab.

1. What is Six Sigma? How does the Six Sigma relate to project management practices?

Answer: Six Sigma is a set of management techniques intended to improve business processes by greatly reducing the probability that an error or defect will occur.

The Six Sigma focuses on better understanding of customer requirements, improving business systems throughout the organization, and enhancing the organization’s financial performance.

2 Likes
1. The most useful tool to control project quality is :
SQC (Statistical Quality Control), Check Sheets, Histograms, and Pareto Charts …

Why: those method which allows to judge the quality with scientific indictors on an interval in a duration of time (without using the emotions, because quality is relative)

2.There are three risks in managing a large project;
(a) Safety risks : work accident
(b) Ecological risk : waste water DBO , noise.
©Changes in the value of currency : large project=large duration, on the other side the local currency is very floating from some country.

1. definition :
Six Sigma is a data driven, customer focused, and result oriented methodology which uses statistical tools and techniques to systematically eliminate the defects and inefficiencies to improve processes.

however
There are mainly two methodologies of Six Sigma namely DMAIC and DMADV

2 Likes

1. From Unit 5, what is most useful technique/tool you have learned to control project quality, and why?
the most useful technique/tool i have learned is SQC (Statistical Quality Control),

2. In your opinion, what are top three risks for managing a large project? Please give a few examples for each identified risk.
-Safety risks.
-Variations in the value of local currency.
-Quality issues

3. What is Six Sigma? How does the Six Sigma relate to project management practices?
Six sigma refers to a set of techniques and tools for process improvement. Six sigma relates to management process in a way that it strategies in seeking to improve quality out put of the process by identifying and removing the causes of defects and minimizing viability in manufacturing and a business process.

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1. From Unit 5, what is most useful technique/tool you have learned to control project quality, and why?
Quality Management Methodology-There are several different techniques for planning and controlling the quality of the project. Giving you options to use the best tools as you see fit to ensure project quality is maintained.

2. In your opinion, what are top three risks for managing a large project? Give a few examples for each identified risk.

1. Safety – Ensuring the safety of everyone working on the project. Too many accidents can have the OHSA shutdown the project
2. Cost – Expensive can quickly occur putting project in jeopardy of being out of budget
3. Political – Lager project bring attention of government officials due to amount of money being spent and potential job creation. Red tape can be put up if officials don’t like the plan making it hard to get project off the ground
1. What is Six Sigma? How does the Six Sigma relate to project management practices?
Six Sigma was formulated at Motorola in 1986; based on Deming’s work TQM. It emphasized continuous improvement involving everyone at the company and clear focus on achieve quantifiable financial return from projects. To determine financial return on quality initiative COQ or cost of quality must be determined. COQ has two parts, cost of failure and cost of quality.
Six Sigma is related to project management by giving project manager a deeper understand of statistics a procedure used in quality control to drive the objective of the step projects and perform project in companies. Six Sigma helps companies drive a competitive an advantage against other market competitors with higher quality.
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