Socrates believed that the "Ideal City" should be comprised of three classes.What are these classes,and what does he believe are their proper roles?
Socrates was one of the wisest and a righteous man in ancient Greece and well known from his motto "that the wisdom is to know nothing".His utopia was an ideal city "Kallipolis" which derives from "Kallos" beauty and "Pollis" which means the city.
In 399 B.C had sentenced for atheism and responsible for the corruption of the youth in society,from the tyrannical oligarchy of "triaconta" (thirty people who had overthrew democracy).
Indictment was only a fake pretext for his political persecution,as we know that in Ancient Greek religion weren't sacred books,religious laws and priesthood.The oligarchy stay only for 8 months and had an inglorious end.
The Ideal city had three classes (trimeric) , anachronistic,and class was mean to be a liturgy for the society and not a team,slavery or race identity,with justice as the unique model.
Men and Women suggested to have equal education and the political constitution was called "timocracy".
Other,different constitutions or political parties was serving finally people with priviledges including properties,other interests or generally fortunes.
The three classes were the following:
Auxilliaries:.Warriors that defending the city.Ruling the producers and acting like soldiers.
Must have a good physical conformation,education, they rule the State.Also philosophers?
Producers:This class was the augmented part of the city including agriculturals,technicians,traders,but had the authority to get rich with limits.If their children had skills they could jump into the next higher class.