Unit 1 Discussion Questions
Inequality can be seen in schools when all parts of a society are not working together. For example, a student’s parents may be of a lower socioeconomical background and have to work more hours to make ends meet. This could mean having less time to help their child succeed in school, causing the child to get poor grades.
Conflict Theory is heavily focused on inequality in many aspects of society. For example, some corporations make huge profits while deciding not to supply their hard workers with the health care plans they deserve.
Inequality can be seen on a smaller, micro scale when it comes to this theory. Some teenagers ascribe important meaning to certain expensive clothing items, like sneakers. If a student from a lower socioeconomic background isn’t able to afford such items, they’re often excluded from the group of more affluent students.
Sociological Imagination is all about putting yourself in someone else’s shoes and using your own experiences to understand what they’re going through and why. A person who is struggling with an eating disorder could have been put under pressure by society’s recent obsession with fitness, losing weight, and going to the gym in stylish athletic clothing. They may have been influenced by the world of fashion and the skinny models that fill every beauty magazine and walk every runway. Each day we are faced with these in-your-face influences and it’s hard to ignore them if we are not satisfied with ourselves and our outward appearance.
The three sociological theories are beneficial because it is important to know a group’s motivation when studying them. It is easier to understand a group’s intentions when you know why, for example, they are protesting Capitalism. From a conflict theory viewpoint, you would be able to study them and know they are fighting for fair wages.
When studying institutions in an inner city from a structural-functionist stance, you may find that there is a lack of dynamic equilibrium. Racism and class struggle still run rampant among specific populations, such as African-Americans and the police force.
On a micro level, symbolic interaction theory would help you understand why individuals deviate from the norm and defy social constructs. Being familiar with this theory would be beneficial when interviewing people in the prison system one-on-one to understand their motives to commit crime.
It is vital to follow ethical guidelines so that participants are informed, safe, adn free to be honest without a researcher’s bias modifying the research results. Confidentiality is important when gathering data, even if the police request personal information from research participants. Researchers have to maintain value neutrality when presenting their findings.
Ethical guidelines were violated during the scientific research of the Milgram Experiment. There was no regard for the wellbeing of the subjects during or after the upsetting experiments.