SOC101: Unit 1 Discussion


1.Explain how each of the three major theoretical paradigms discussed in this section (structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and conflict theory) might be used in looking at the issue of inequality and share some examples.
The three Sociological Paradigms explain highly the issue of in equality, and this is the Major problem of society. In equality of the Gender, in equality of the classes, in equality of the income (Salary) is the main Social problems
Functionalism Paradigm, explain the importance of Social Stability for a strong Society, which have adequate Socialization, the social integration are necessary for social stability. Problems weaken the Society and create instability.

Conflict theory Paradigm Society is characterized by pervasive inequality based on social class, race, gender, and other factors. Far-reaching social change is needed to reduce or eliminate social inequality and to create an egalitarian society. The social in equality mostly occur the fault of the structure of the society this is the causes of historical society problems politics, religion and social educators and institutions of any Society. Solutions to social problems must involve far-reaching change in the structure of society. This paradigm can be used to explain capitalist’s societies, where one group reaps the majority of the benefits and another group has no enough to survive.

Symbolic interactions Paradigm, mostly learn the roles that society has set out for them. As this interaction occurs, individuals negotiate their definitions of the situations in which they find themselves and socially construct the reality of these situations. In so doing, they rely heavily on symbols such as words and gestures to reach a shared understanding of their interaction.
The situation of interacting individuals in the society and sharing the social issue in one society influence the moral development in the community, and affect positively in society if the social motor well functioning and apposite affect negatively if the in equality and social injustice dominant among of the society.

2.Using the sociological imagination, how might one explain the personal trouble of experiencing an eating disorder?
We usually consider a person’s eating disorder to be a personal trouble that stems from a lack of control, low self-esteem, or another personal problem, this explanation may be OK as far as it goes, but it does not help us understand why so many people have the personal problems that lead to eating disorder. To begin to answer this question, we need to look to the standard of beauty for the society.we know that the all the societies have no the same standard vision of the beauty and the effect of obesity and thinness, Some people see obesity as a good thing and refers to beauty and prosperity.

3.How can sociological theories be beneficial when studying various groups or institutions within a society? Provide some examples which support your claims.
Knowing the sociological theories can be used to help people understand the structure of society the general vision of people and understand better the social attitudes and senses.

4.Why is it so vital to follow ethical standards and guidelines when conducting sociological research? Can you think of a time when ethical guidelines were violated during scientific research? Please share some examples.
It is vital to fellow ethical standards and guidelines when we conducting sociological research because we have to try to get the high result from our research, in which the community agree the result with transparence. To create to get the community which no one feel hurt.


Structural functionalism focuses on how each part of society contribute to the whole.


1 Structural functionalism - Inequality is caused by everyone not knowing what part of the society they play.
2 Symbolic interaction-ism - Inequality is caused by broken relationships around the individuals in the society.
3 Conflict theory - Inequality is caused by everyone fighting over the same resources.

Eating disorders happen when negative symbolic interaction-ism happens in a society.

Knowing the sociological theories can be used to help people understand each other better.

It is vital to follow the ethical standards so that no one gets hurt.

  1. A.) Structural Functionalism could be used to look at the inequality in the schools system. Ex. In the same city where one predominantly race school A is funded the material for their students to succeed and another predominantly race school B does not have the funding and knowledge to succeed.
    B.) Symbolic Interactionism focuses on the relationships among individuals within a society. However you could also apply this with looking at the issue of inequality. An example could be a freshman in highschool and a senior in highschool but how one would be considered ‘popular’ and in the ‘in’ crowd, while the other would not be. There is an obvious inequality in their social roles.
    C.) An example of the inequalities in a Conflict Theory would be how the government has people in different levels of positions. The higher the position, the more resources they are able to obtain and thus “maintaining the unequal social structure” .

  2. Sociological imagination is a way of seeing our own and other people’s behavior in relationship to history and social structure. You are ‘socially accepted’ if you have a certain body shape, however it is frowned upon in the media on having a particular eating disorder.

  3. Sociological Theories are beneficial when studying various groups because it helps us explain the different ways those various groups thrive within a society and how they play their role. Examples would be learning how a family of 5 continue to survive on minimum wage.

  4. Sociologis are responsible for the safety of their participants. They must be skillful and fair-minded. They must immediately stop work if a subject becomes potentially endangered on any level. The Father of Modern Gynecology, J. Marion Sim, is one example of a time when ethical guidelines were violated. Sims believed that Africans had a tolerance for pain and therefore did not use anesthetic when performing his operations.

  1. a) Structural functionalism - inequality may perhaps be necessary to maintain certain social order; it should serve a function since it exists?

b) conflict theory - inequality is the cause of many social problems and it should be eliminated.

c) symbolic interactionism - how being on the opposite sides of inequality might shape a person’s view of the reality?

2.) It could be caused by pop culture influences and media influences, such as beautiful, slim models.
It could seen from the perspective of peer pressure;
Or from the perspective that the person may have certain mental issues, or physical disease.

  1. Theories could educate people, enlighten them. Allows for realizations and change and awareness.

  2. not following the standards could lead to harm to the subjects of interest, or lead to biased, or unreliable research results. ex. conflict of interests with funding.

  1. Structural functionalism could be used when looking at the issue of inequality by looking at how kids whose first language isn’t English are doing in school compared to those kids whose first language is English. Kids with a first language that isn’t English may have a lower learning ability because they don’t have as many teachers who speak their first language. Kids whose first language is English may have an easier time learning because they have more people around them who speak the same.
    Symbolic interactionism could be used in this issue by looking at how people of different races are treated in public. A person of color may be watched and questioned more than a person who is white, while both people are doing the same activity.
    Conflict theory could be used in this issue by looking how big businesses are making huge profits and not giving their lower class employees the right care and benefits.
  2. Using sociological imagination, a person with an eating disorder may be feeling pressured by what society says looks beautiful, so they do whatever they can in order to look a certain way even if it is harmful.
  3. Sociological theories may be beneficial when studying groups or institutions of society because you can see or understand why people act a certain way towards others or what their intentions are about. For example, you can see why people of wealth are treated better than people of the poor.
    4.It is vital to follow ethical standards and guidelines when conducting sociological research to make sure everyone is treated fairly and safely, and the research is honest. For example, if researchers don’t follow these then the research could be changed by the researcher’s bias opinions.


I honestly don’t understand this course and I need help.


Structural functionalism focuses on inequalities that contribute to social differences as a whole. When studying institutions and an inner city from a structural functionalist stance, you may find that there is a lack of dynamic equilibrium. For example, structural functionalism may study the policy of governments for immigration and border control. But then again, how tolerance is the society regarding immigration, or to what extent awareness exist regarding immigration in education systems?

Symbolic interactionism looks at individual interaction within the society in different ways. Inequality is caused by broken relationships around the individuals in the society. For example, having an unpopular religion could cause difficulties within friendships in that person’s community and can make them feel like they do not fit in with society.

Conflict theory is heavily focus on inequality and many aspects of society. For example, the working class it’s barely surviving in the rich class are reaping the wealth and benefits from capitalist societies. This explains the competition among societal members for the scarce resources, within the existence of different unequal classes.

Patients with eating disorders tend to have issues with how control is affecting their life. According to Mills, sociological imagination exist when there is a relationship between and individuals recent behaviors and past experiences. If, there is a loss of control or having no control at all starving, overeating, or purging is a way to feel more in control of what happens in their life.

Sociological theories are important when studying society because it can help you explain how individuals think and feel, and explain society as a whole. Knowing the sociological theories can be used to help people understand the structure of society, the general vision of people, and have a better understanding of the social attitudes and senses. For example, sociological theories can benefit understanding among specific groups and may assist in solving issues involving discrimination.

It is vital for researchers to follow ethical guidelines to maintain value neutrality when presenting their findings. These standards ensure that participants are informed, safe, and free to be honest without a researchers bias modifying the research results. Confidentiality is important when gathering data, even if the police requests personal information, researchers are not allowed to release confidential information. An example of an ethical research can be shown by the 1932 Tuskegee syphilis study. In this study, 400 African American men were promised treatment for “bad blood”, they were not informed of the research design and it’s risks to them. The treatment was never given to the men to cure the illness instead, they were offered free medical exams, free meals, and burial insurance.

  1. a: Structural Functionalism sees society as a structure with interrelated parts designed to meet the biological and social needs of the individuals in that society. When these parts are not structured and/or don’t work properly, then it will affect the function of society as a whole in a negative way. For instance if the laws that protect the rights of the laborers, as opposed to those of owners of the corporations and cartels, are not designed/don’t function properly, then it will result in inequality and increasing gaps between the classes in the society. Tax regulations and their effects in different countries is a good example in this respect. b: Symbolic interactionism is a micro-level theory that focuses on the relationships among individuals within a society, namely one-to-one interactions and communications. There are meanings ascribed to words that people shape their interactions with other individuals based on that. Going back to the previous example, the words corporation and cartel are the words that automatically bring concepts such as exploitation to mind, whereas laborer is a word that is associated with concept of being exploited. In this sense, laborers’ interactions in this context are shaped in a way to defend their rights against the exploitation of their employers, whereas corporations and cartels try to show that they care for the rights of the laborers, while they only care for their benefits. c: Conflict theory looks at society as a competition for limited resources, or in other words the way inequalities contribute to social differences and perpetuate differences in power. Again back to the previous example, we can see that business owners want to profit more and more, in order to increase their capital and expand their businesses, and therefore they try to cut their expenses including by paying less to their laborers, or to the tax office. This has shaped a conflict between these two groups, that has resulted in an ever-increasing gap between them, that shows itself in the form of two completely different social classes that though their activities are being performed in the same context, the difference between them is huge.

  2. Sociological imagination is the ability to understand how your own past relates to that of other people, as well as to history in general and societal structures in particular. An eating disorder could be caused by other people in society or by work-related pressures that result in stress. It can also be a result of the pressure by media that advertise certain body types as favorite. It can result from chronic/depression or other psychological illnesses, or any other difficult living situations.

3, Sociological theories explain how different parts of/society function/s. For instance we can see that activities in a charity may follow the structural functionalism paradigm, in which all the members of the community work harmoniously together towards achieving a specific goal. Or we can see how symbolic interactionism works in the day-to-day actions of the individuals, whereby every person play their roles in various contexts, in order to achieve their goals. Or how conflict theory can explain the competitions/conflicts between the nations, that results in bringing about changes to the existing identities, or even transformation to new identities in terms of power and status.

  1. It is vital that sociologists, like any researchers, consider their ethical obligation to avoid
    harming subjects or groups while conducting their research. During a study, sociologists must ensure the safety of participants and immediately stop work if a subject becomes
    potentially endangered on any level. Researchers are required to protect the privacy of research participants whenever possible. Value neutrality, a practice of remaining impartial, without bias or judgment, during the course of a study and in publishing results is another ethical obligation that researchers must observe. In some researches on humans ethical principles have been violated in the past. For example in some psychological researches people have been put in situations that can have psychological consequences on their lives, especially in the case of children. Another recent case that I read was about the researches that have shown that cell phone radiation may play a significant role in developing cancer cells in body -both animals and humans-. The results of such researches have not been published to the public, due to the pressures exerted by cell phone companies.


three primary theoretical perspectives: the symbolic interactionist perspective, the functionalist perspective, and the conflict perspective. These perspectives allow to sociologists to explaining how society influences people, and how people influence society.
2To have a sociological imagination, a person must be able to pull away from the situation and think from an alternative point of view
3Many individuals experience one or more social problems personally. For example, many people are poor and unemployed, many are in poor health, and many have family problems, drink too much alcohol, or commit crime. When we hear about these individuals, it is easy to think that their problems are theirs alone, and that they and other individuals with the same problems are entirely to blame for their difficulties.
4 The researcher should use no research procedure that may harm the person either physically or psychologically. The investigator is also obligated at all times to use the least stressful research procedure whenever possible.

  1. Structural functionalism focuses on the way each part of society functions together to contribute to the whole. So the way it could be used with the issue of inequality is by looking at how inequality affects each part of society then looking at how it affects the society overall. Looking at unequal pay between the sex’s for example. A woman who gets paid less for doing the exact same or even more work load than a man who gets paid more. Can cause some issues that will in turn affect that company, which then can affect that community.
    Conflict Theory focuses on social differences and difference in power. Which plays a huge rule in inequality. With people of upper class feeling intittled, better than or even having more power than other classes.
    Symbolic interactionism focuses on one to one interactions and communications. Going back to the example of a work scenario. Inequality between employees like a manager and a sales associate.
    A manager might take advantage of his authority and speak or treat employees in an unjust way.

  2. Sociological imagination is the ability to understand how your own past relates to that of other people, as well as to history in general and societal structures in particular. Explaining the trouble of experiencing an eating disorder would have to be done by stepping into that persons shoes, and understanding their life experiences, relationships, and traumas.

  3. Different sociological theories help sociologists to view social issues through a variety of useful lenses. Which can be very useful when looking at a variety of groups and institutions in a society. Structural functionalism would look at each part of the group or institution and how they play a part with the rest of society.Conflict theory would look into the social differences and differences in power of the group or institution. Symbolic interactionism would focus on the one on one interaction and communications of the group or institution. These three different theories cover all the different bases to concluding results.

  4. Ethics in sociological research like in any type of research is vital to upholding the accuracy and integrity of the research done. Not doing so can cause inaccurate and biased information being shared with others as something that seems legitimate. An example of this is unethical and inaccurate research of weight charts used on both formula fed and breastfed babies.

  1. Structural functionalism focuses on all the parts working together. The example for this would be the “gears” all fitting together still with a lack of rights for some individuals. Academic inequality may be a factor while some kids have the means to go to private school, others may not.
    Symbolic interaction could focus on inequality by a certain student not being in a certain group, and not being able to relate to those kids slang, or use of terms.
    Conflict Theory would be a very easy way to look at the inequality between middle class and 1%

  2. The experiences of seeing a society that focuses on body image.

  3. They can help to study a certain region, or group. They let you take some variables out, and focus on the subject of your study.

  4. If you start to bend ethical guidelines for studies you can start to damage people. We don’t get to have certain experiments, or studies because they will hurt people, and you can’t change your effect that the experiment/study may have had on them.

  1. Structural Functionalism is looking at how the individual parts of society end up working together to create what the whole looks like. Inequality is shown through this view by showing the vast differences between social classes, and how we can still have a stable society with both.
    Conflict Theory is the theory about how social classes are consistently in conflict with each other. Clearly, this has to do with inequality because we are constantly asking whether the rich have too much power and influence vs. if the poor have a chance to ever rise above their condition
    Symbolic Interactionism is about the individual interactions and such. When you talk to individual people who have had inequality negatively impact their life you get a more realistic viewpoint on it.

  2. Social imagination is all about relating to other people. You have to step outside of your own experience in order to understand what is going on in their life.

  3. These 3 sociological theories are important to use when viewing people in society because they give us different ways of looking into a part of society. For example, studying the Wall Street Protests would be better served under conflict theory because it can be used to figure out exactly what the disparity is between the poorer people (protesters) and the richer people (Wall Street). Structural functionalism could be used in order to view why political parties are so far apart by looking at society as a whole, then finding where both parties split so far apart. Finally, Symbolic interactionism would show us how individual interactions and resulting reactions would change or keep society the same. These 3 can also be used interchangeably in order to gather results.

  4. It’s as simple as if you do not uphold the accuracy and integrity of the research then you have created falsified information and study. This is not only a slight on you, but if your research is used in the future then it is your fault if it is used and it comes to the wrong conclusions. Bad habits or simply terrible actions can come about from something like this.

  1. structural functionalism believes that society is made up of parts that work together to form a well-working community. This paradigm can look at inequality by examining the education system and its flaws. These flaws, in a structural functionalist’s eyes, may be the cause of inequality in the society.
    symbolic interactionism paradigm values the micro-level interactions within the society, meaning that they might look at the one-on-one interactions between people from different socioeconomic backgrounds, races, genders and communities to observe inequality.
    conflict theory observes the competitions within the society for the limited resources available. A conflict theorist may study inequality by looking at the minimum wages at large companies and compare the salaries of this factory’s workers and the administration team.

  2. sociological imagination is when a person uses past experiences to shape a concept in his/her mind. In the case of an eating disorder, society’s pressure about having the absolute “perfect” body may have affected a person in a deep level so that the person might have trouble to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

  3. Sociological theories are important when studying various groups within the society because they provide different points of view when a researcher tries to understand the studied community. For instance, when studying women’s rights, different theories would study different aspects of women’s rights, its history, its application today and how it is viewed in society.

  4. Ethical standards and guidelines are crucial for a sociological research because of the mental and physical health of the human beings studied. ASA guidelines value the participants’ abilities and values and respects the people in the study. Before ethical guidelines, psychological and sociological studies like Stanley Milgram’s experiment about authority and obedience.

  1. In a perspective of structural functionalism, inequality is looked on the grand scale of certain mechanisms such as socioeconomic inequality. Interrelated mechanisms – such as manufacturing, logistics, sales and corporate enterprises – are all dependent on one another for the success of a given business, however each department of the business experiences different hardships, benefits, salaries and stresses. Even within each group, in an intra-related level, do we see inequalities in the form of the gender wage gap, discrimination and other forms of inequality. These may also be viewed through the scope of Conflict Theory, which seems to express how employees will work against one another to get ahead or receive advantages due to the limited resource of income or benefits. Employee/employer relationships and employee/employee relationships might be executed differently depending on the parties involved, and the significance of each relationship is a valid depiction of symbolic interactionism. Employees who receive recognition for their work (either in the form of verbal feedback or physical reward) associate the gratification with said reward, portraying the symbolism of recognition as respect.

  2. Through the scope of sociological imagination, one may be able to better-understand the trauma and psychological fulfillment associated with certain eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia. Although they are physiological dangerous and unhealthy disorders, one can imagine why anyone would subject him/herself to the disorder. Due to the stigmas (real or imagined) associated with being overweight, the glamorization of being skinny and the societal hierarchy of famous people as being thinner, it’s understandable that those with issues surrounding self-esteem and with dysmorphia or body-image issues would be susceptible to an eating disorder. When approaching the disorder with empathy, we gain insight as to why others may experience the disorder, even if they do not wish to feel this way.

  3. Sociological theories can be beneficial when studying various groups or institutions within a society by allowing the researcher some level of objectivity in the scope of their observations. A frame of reference and a template to fit certain aspects of a society are key to providing a concise and universally understandable idea of what is going on in a society, and so it helps to use a universal or well-known theory to explain and support the observations. An example would be a situation as with Jonestown. Outside looking in, one may not readily understand the fundamentals of a cult such as this existing when their final purpose was mass suicide. But observing it from the sociological lens, it becomes apparent that there were interrelated mechanisms functioning within the cult that allowed it to prosper as long as it did (an example of structural functionalism).

  4. Ethical guidelines are an absolute must in scientific research for the safety of the subjects, the objectivity of the study and the credibility of the scientists. German Nazis are known for their inhumane experiments on people during the Holocaust and World War II. Due to their innate lack of ethical morality, the experiments (which amounted to mostly torture) lacked the objectivity and safety required to better-understand an experiment, resulting in an astounding loss of credibility for these scientists, which is why their experiments were so vehemently demonized.


Conflict theory would likely take a more objective point of view on the matter, theorizing based on the disadvantages that one person has to another. Capitalism is a primary target of this method of thought, for it is founded in inequality itself. Structural functionalism analyses things as a system of individual parts. In a scenario of a neighborhood being significantly poorer than the others, it might investigate the local businesses to see if they are providing ample opportunities. Symbolic interactionism takes a personal look at social interactions, and upon seeing a small group being marginalized for their skin color, would likely question the beliefs of the oppressors themselves.

Social imagination considers the relationship between society and the individual. In essence, it takes a look at the social pressures a person may experience. One with an eating disorder may view the world as harsh, intolerant of those with weight that is too high or too low. These pressures could be enforced early on in life by an aggressive or ruthless individual, cementing this idea into the person’s mind. And constant advertising promoting the perfect body would allow it to linger quite easily.

Social theories provide foundations for new theories to be constructed upon. They are like a canvas waiting for a concept. Their primary purpose is to explain phenomena that happen within a society. For instance, feminism was in itself a social theory, on a quest to find why women were seen as lesser and trying to fix it.

Ethics in sociology are vitally important for multiple reasons. However, the primary purpose is to ensure the safety of those being observed, as well as any others related to the situation. It wouldn’t just be immoral to abuse your subjects–It wouldn’t look good in a research paper either.


I hope I’m not replying to anyone directly but the site says I have to post answers here. Are these being graded? I thought this program didn’t have homework requirements. Anyone have any ideas? Just going to do what it tells me to but a bit confused.

Chapter 2 Questions:

Explain how each of the three major theoretical paradigms discussed in this section (structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and conflict theory) might be used in looking at the issue of inequality and share some examples.

Conflict Theory is likely the easiest of the paradigms to apply to inequality in society, and that is why Karl Marx created a name for how the world has operate for the entirety of human existence. The mere fact the inequality exists proves conflict theory is a viable sociological perspective considering at some point, someone fought and won more resources than someone else did, and that that conflict will continue until all parties feel equal. Which of course can never happen.

Structural functionalism recognizes that there is a difference between a healthy society and an unhealthy one, but it also recognizes that that inequality can be inherent in the structures currently running society. A structural functionalist of today may recognize that the labor of undocumented immigrants is often times incredibly undervalued in society, but that their work and position in our society is part of our social fabric, and something that ultimately keeps us functioning. Structural functionalism is why some boycott protests succeed where others do not. The Montgomery Bus Boycott for example showed how when you break down one of the structures of society (the transportation companies, staff, economic impacts etc) that something will shut down, and that shut down is what leads to break downs in society. If a boycott does not disrupt a structural function of society, it won’t be as successful because it is only impacting a small minority of the population.

Body language between two people having a conversation about money, or how to budget when one of those people does not have money problems and the other person faces systemic poverty is a perfect example of micro interactions inherent to symbolic interactionism that reflect larger societal issues. A researcher could view that the wealthier person may be oblivious to certain challenges facing the second person, and the person with a lower income may become hostile if they feel any condescension, or perhaps just out of the societal idea that he is lesser than the other because of money. The exchange between those two people, while individual to who they are and to their experiences, still provides information about society on a broader scale.

Using the sociological imagination, how might one explain the personal trouble of experiencing an eating disorder?

Eating disorders are particularly interesting for this example because one of the few shared universal human experiences is the need to eat, and eating disorders are one of the few diseases where one simply can’t just cut out the cause of their suffering from their life. You have to interact with food. In this way, a sociologist employing the sociological imagination would likely pull from their own relationship with food or disordered eating to try and understand the perspective of the subject. Depending on their country of origin, it is a common fact of modern life that many people have incredibly complicated views about food, either seeing it as shame, fuel, joy, friendly or even, completely out of reach. A sociologist explaining an eating disorder would have to take into account society expectations about weight, physical appearance and health as well as cultural attitudes towards food.

How can sociological theories be beneficial when studying various groups or institutions within a society? Provide some examples which support your claims.

Using the scientific method and proven research methods is beneficial in any field you are in if you want your results to be taken seriously, because anything that does not employ quality research tactics is simply not verifiable. Many of the theories in sociological thinking are cultural behaviors that have existed for the entirety of human existence, but just didn’t have a name or definition to put to it. For instance, conflict theory is central to nearly every war that has ever happened. Ultimately there was a struggle for some form of resource, whether that was food, shelter, power or land, and a conflict for that resource resulted in fighting. So the ability to recognize this pattern allows us as a society to notice it when it could be happening again, and to potentially stop it before it does.

Additionally, structural functionalism theory and the patterns that we can follow when there are break downs in society allow us to recognize what will happen if a social structure is undermined, and to avoid it in the future, or to even potentially, purposefully subvert it in order to create change. Marriage is a perfect example of this where society has functioned based off of the idea of two couple heterosexual households being what is considered “normal,” and this is having a huge impact on the modern day economy as single women especially are becoming a larger buying force every year. This buying power has had huge shifts in how things are marketed to us, what kinds of popular culture is being created and who has power in society. Only because we recognize structural functionalism can we see when those structures are breaking down.

Why is it so vital to follow ethical standards and guidelines when conducting sociological research? Can you think of a time when ethical guidelines were violated during scientific research? Please share some examples.

Ethics are important in anything that you do, but especially when you are conducting research. If your data, methods, experiments etc are undermined in any way by false information or bad methodology, your entire work is essentially meaningless. It may be a good thing to do to want to do an experiment to show how government programs don’t really help single moms as much as we think they do, but if your research was tampered with, or falsified, or anecdotal, it calls into question the validity of everything else you have said. Ethical guidelines are violated in science all the time from human and animal experimentation, forced sterilization to even attempting to force something called an “abortion pill reversal” drug that is non-FDA approved.


Structural functionalism- this theory can be used to explore the inequalities in the healthcare system over charging or inequality of resources for low income families/high income families.
Symbolic interactions - this theory can be used to explore inequality in religious society if one does not believe any certain thing one is excluded or punished.
Conflict theory - can be used to explore inequality in race privilege Who holds the power who is abused by their power.

  1. to understand an eating disorder one must look at that persons past relationship with food and how one perceives their self image you have to take an account there environment and social structure to understand the pressures of society on that person and last one has to consider the family structure said person
  2. Sociological theories can be beneficial when studying various groups and institutions in a society by identifying issues that lead to dysfunction for example an increase in teen pregnancies,sociological theories can identify the cause or causes, whether they are a lack of sex education in public schooling or dysfunction in the social structure.
  3. It is vital to follow ethical guidelines when conducting sociological research to avoid publishing biased and misleading inaccurate information that can harm the study subjects an example of unethical behavior is of Laud Humphreys who without consent studied homosexual behavior in public settings taking their private addresses and interviewing them later on without their prior knowledge.


1 Structural functionalism - Inequality is caused by everyone not knowing what part of the society they play.
2 Symbolic interaction-ism - Inequality is caused by broken relationships around the individuals in the society.
3 Conflict theory - Inequality is caused by everyone fighting over the same resources.

  1. Symbolic Interactionism is the use of symbols – having face to face interactions
    Functionalism is the relationship between the parts of society; how aspects of society are functional
    Conflict Theory is the scarce resources – in other words; how the rich control the poor and weak.
    I feel that with these three paradigms the biggest issue of inequality is looked at within race. For example - racial profiling.
    I am one of color so please do not take offense to this - When something happens in the community (with police) regardless of the situation if it involves a person of color everyone gets defensive about it and starts movements, but when white people do something I always see “oh you wouldn’t see a black person doing this.”
  2. I feel that eating disorders are often caused by the need/want to fit in. Mostly with women - there are so many unrealistic expectations of what a woman should look like. So many celebrities and models that people look up to don’t even look the way they are photoshopped to be. It is very easy to not feel good about yourself and to care of others opinions.
  3. I think it is beneficial to know the theories because it can give you a why to a lot of things. Knowing peoples backgrounds and where they come from can answer a lot of questions as to why they protest, why they believe in this or that.
  4. I believe that the main purpose is to help people have a better understanding of unknown aspects in society. To do this they need to be honest.