1.Explain how each of the three major theoretical paradigms discussed in this section (structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and conflict theory) might be used in looking at the issue of inequality and share some examples.
The three Sociological Paradigms explain highly the issue of in equality, and this is the Major problem of society. In equality of the Gender, in equality of the classes, in equality of the income (Salary) is the main Social problems
Functionalism Paradigm, explain the importance of Social Stability for a strong Society, which have adequate Socialization, the social integration are necessary for social stability. Problems weaken the Society and create instability.
Conflict theory Paradigm Society is characterized by pervasive inequality based on social class, race, gender, and other factors. Far-reaching social change is needed to reduce or eliminate social inequality and to create an egalitarian society. The social in equality mostly occur the fault of the structure of the society this is the causes of historical society problems politics, religion and social educators and institutions of any Society. Solutions to social problems must involve far-reaching change in the structure of society. This paradigm can be used to explain capitalist’s societies, where one group reaps the majority of the benefits and another group has no enough to survive.
Symbolic interactions Paradigm, mostly learn the roles that society has set out for them. As this interaction occurs, individuals negotiate their definitions of the situations in which they find themselves and socially construct the reality of these situations. In so doing, they rely heavily on symbols such as words and gestures to reach a shared understanding of their interaction.
The situation of interacting individuals in the society and sharing the social issue in one society influence the moral development in the community, and affect positively in society if the social motor well functioning and apposite affect negatively if the in equality and social injustice dominant among of the society.
2.Using the sociological imagination, how might one explain the personal trouble of experiencing an eating disorder?
We usually consider a person’s eating disorder to be a personal trouble that stems from a lack of control, low self-esteem, or another personal problem, this explanation may be OK as far as it goes, but it does not help us understand why so many people have the personal problems that lead to eating disorder. To begin to answer this question, we need to look to the standard of beauty for the society.we know that the all the societies have no the same standard vision of the beauty and the effect of obesity and thinness, Some people see obesity as a good thing and refers to beauty and prosperity.
3.How can sociological theories be beneficial when studying various groups or institutions within a society? Provide some examples which support your claims.
Knowing the sociological theories can be used to help people understand the structure of society the general vision of people and understand better the social attitudes and senses.
4.Why is it so vital to follow ethical standards and guidelines when conducting sociological research? Can you think of a time when ethical guidelines were violated during scientific research? Please share some examples.
It is vital to fellow ethical standards and guidelines when we conducting sociological research because we have to try to get the high result from our research, in which the community agree the result with transparence. To create to get the community which no one feel hurt.