SOC101: Unit 2 Discussion


#1
  1. What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.

  2. Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.

  3. Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.

  4. Define and discuss resocialization.

  5. Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.

  6. Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.

  7. Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.


#2

What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.
Society is a community where we live where we share culture. Culture involves shared beliefs, values and practices. Society, of course, can be made of many subcultures, often overlapping and influencing one another. In my case, for instance, I am very much influenced by the culture of teachers (as it’s my profession) but since I do teach, I experience teenage culture, and cultures that come with the large diversity (racial, religious) that my school boasts. All these different bits make up the society.

Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.
I would side on the side of “nurture” - I don’t believe that we are simply determined prior to the actual birth. The impact of the family, in-groups, friends can be said to shape who we are. The way parents interact with a baby, then toddler, shows them examples of how to interact with others - genetics certainly do play a role, but there would be little point in schools if we actually thought we can’t change people if it all came down to nature. In educational research, there are those who claim that learning necessarily involves discomfort as one constantly changes the way they see the world with everything new they learn. This requires a certain predisposition to learning and to life in general - it often is down to nurture: e.g. the way one is brought up by one’s parents may make it easier to learn and be prepared for these thresholds. Nature does not prepare us for our social human experience.

Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.
Family: socialisation occurs through development of routines, e.g. teaching to handle knives and forks at table and developing patience before dessert - prepares for ways of behaving in a “polite society”. Peers: may expose us to different ideas about socialising: having peers who insist on drinking alcohol at “parties” for instance,might make us be more accepting of drinking - it could lead to binge drinking if that’s the subculture, or less drinking, or, if it clashes with our family socialisation processes badly enough, it might lead us to reject it. Media: the papers we are exposed to or what our friends post on Facebook (online news articles) might socialise into thinking and acting in certain ways. We might be socialised to think that all refugees are enemies - or not; we might be socialised into believing that there needs to be more social support to people, or to be more conservative and Thatcherite!

Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
Primary groups are people (groups) who have long-term and emotional impact on you, for instance family or other significant others. Secondary groups would be time-limited and task-oriented, e.g. people at work. My primary group would be my own family, in particularly my wife. My secondary group would be work colleagues - I am a school teacher. My wife has a primary impact on my beliefs and how I change them; however, professionally-speaking other teaching colleagues, and their views, shape my professional learning views.


#3
  1. What is the difference between culture and society? Culture represents the beliefs and practices of a group, while society represents the people who share those beliefs and practices.

  2. Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual. Nature plays a role in the formation of people through genetics. Whereas, nurture is based on our relationships and the amount of caring that surrounds us as individuals.

  3. Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media. Family influences the socialization process of children as they are the first agent of socialization. For example, children first learn how to speak, use objects, and gain an idea of how the world works from their families. Peers influence socialization at an early age by teaching each other certain norms, such as how to take turns on a playground, or the rules of a game. Additionally, this form of socialization continues as children become teenagers and begin to develop separate identities from their parents. Lastly, media influence socialization by teaching people about the objects of material culture (i.e. new technology and transportation options), as well as nonmaterial culture (i.e. beliefs, values, and expected norms).

  4. Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience. Primary groups play the most critical role in our lives. They are usually small, and made up of individuals who generally engage face-to-face in long-term emotional ways. An example of a primary group is a person’s family. However, secondary groups are larger and more impersonal. They can also be task-focused and time-limited. An example of a secondary group would be a corporate office.


#4

Culture is a shared belief system, value and practices, Society is a community, which can be made of subcultures.

Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual. Nature plays a role in the formation of people through genetics. Whereas, nurture is based on our relationships and the amount of caring that surrounds us as individuals.

Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media. Family influences the socialization process of children as they are the first agent of socialization. For example, children first learn how to speak, use objects, and gain an idea of how the world works from their families. Peers influence socialization at an early age by teaching each other certain norms, such as how to take turns on a playground, or the rules of a game. Additionally, this form of socialization continues as children become teenagers and begin to develop separate identities from their parents. Lastly, media influence socialization by teaching people about the objects of material culture (i.e. new technology and transportation options), as well as nonmaterial culture (i.e. beliefs, values, and expected norms).

Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience. Primary groups play the most critical role in our lives. They are usually small, and made up of individuals who generally engage face-to-face in long-term emotional ways. An example of a primary group is a person’s family. However, secondary groups are larger and more impersonal. They can also be task-focused and time-limited. An example of a secondary group would be a corporate office.


#5

What is the difference between
culture and society? Please provide some examples.

Society is a community of people who
shear culture, sheared beliefs, values and practice. For example communities as
small as a town or as big as a continents are societies and belief they shear
like equal right for citizens and respect to elders of practicing religious are
part of the society’s culture.

Discuss the roles nature and nurture play
in the formation of the individual.

Genetics play important role in
individual’s life for example individual’s skin color determines what kinds of racial
discrimination they will face based on different culture. Likewise gene can transmits
certain disease that individual will suffer sometimes for all their lives. Beside
the nature the role of nurture is also important because without proper
socialization individual will not be able to grow to their full capabilities.

Discuss how each of the following influences
the socialization process in children:

1- Family: as the first agent of socialization family influence the
socialization process. Children learn to speak, eat and how to eat, how to use
objects and who to behave.

2- Peers:
pears influence the way children play games, interact to other than family
members and how to behave in larger groups.

3- Media: media
influence the process of socialization in different stage of life. For example children
watch carton and play video games. We learn about new technologies ‘material
culture’ and new political ideas ‘nonmaterial culture’ to socialize and
resocialize throughout our lifetime.

Define and discuss resocialization:

Resocialization is a process of
leaving the culture individuals possess and tacking up new one. It can some
time be stressful like in prison. Sometimes it’s a time consuming process as
for immigrants.

Define primary and secondary groups.
Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social
experience.

Primary
groups are those in which members are connected by strong emotional bonds like
family, friendship and secondary groups are those in which members are
connected by understanding the sheared values, interests or pressures like
school’s football team.

Explain technological inequality and
issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.

I could reflect on two different aspects of technological inequality. First
‘Unequal access to technology’ where I can discus limited access to technology
for part of the world based on race, gender and geography. Examples are
different level of access to technology in big cities and rural area likewise
the USA and Africa. Unequal control on production of new technology ‘
innovation’ to discus domination of technological innovation by big corporation.
Examples are few big corporations that control the information technology like Microsoft
hence the planned obsolescence, luck of competition and consequently motivation
for better services.

Provide
examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT
deviant:

Acts that
are deviant but not criminal can contain violation of cultural norms either
folkway or mores like not respecting elders or wiping your nose in public.


#6

Whats the difference between culture and society?

Culture emcompusses the different ways of of life of individuals in the society including their values,norms,taboos,practices,values,beliefs and many others while society is a locality where a group of individuals socially live and interract and share their cultural practices forexample the Masai of Northern Kenya ,the Dinka of Southern Sudan and many others.

discuss the role of nature and nurture play in the formation of an individual

By deffinition nature its the genetically in born features of an individual as inherrited from parents by blood forexample interests and talents, height and others while nurture refers to the environmental factors sorrounding an individual from birth including social factors like peer groups ,political factors physical factors and others .
with nature the genetic inherritance of an individual dictate so much on his or her behaviour and abilities inform of talents inherrted from parents ,eye colour, our heights and also parental facial expressions on the other hand too nature play a big role in an individual formation in a way that the social welfare of parents and family from which an individual is brought up can determine the success or failure in future in terms of wealth education level and carreer .

discuss how each the following influence socialisation process in children that is family peers and media

*Family.this is the first agent of socialisation in the child’s life carried out by family members forexample father mother elder brothers and sisters in teaching the child what he or she needs to know and do in the society including putting on shoes or sandals, using forks and spoons while eating ,bathing ,teaching the child how to pray and many others.
Peers are a group of agements who share interests,this also plays a big in socialisation through training their fellows new stuffs forexample games and also how to become independent persons in the absence of parents and developing in children also bad mentalities and traits and also media in the same way plays a big role in the socialisation of a child through online interraction forexample on facebook whatsap new friends are met with new backgrounds and ideas about life are found and many others.

define and discuss resocialisation

resocialisation refers to the situation where an individuals former beviours have to be removed and taught new ones in order to fit in the new environment where he or she is brought under to live .this in most cases takes place in total institutions where people have to follow rules and instructions set by the authorities of those environments forexaple criminals in jails,students in boarding schools ,nuns in the convent and many others.

define primary and secondary groups .then provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience

primary group are individuals with a longterm and emotional influence and strong social ties in some ones life and also primay group takes the core front in an individuals socialisation forexample family and secondary group is a is a goal or task oriented group brought together by a certain set objective to meet and they are always time limited forexample a workshop seminar .

explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access totechnology.please provide some examples

Technological inequality is an uneven access to technology by individuals basing on either race ,gender or geographical location and also fanancial welbeing of different families,this results into poor parents taking children in third world schools without technology access in form of computers while rich parents who afford expensive schools equip their children with technology accses widening the gap in information .

Provide the examples of acts that are deviant but not criminal and criminal but not deviant

examples of acts that era deviant but not criminal include,those acts which violate social norms beliefs and expectations of the society forexample picking ones nose in public,bestuality,incest ,canibalism and others
Crime on the other hand is the a behaviour that violates the official law of the land and always carries stipulated punishments forexample driving with the influence of alcohol,murder ,thefty,rape and many others.


#7
  1. Culture: a set of beliefs, values and practices shared by a society. Society: a group of people who live in a defined geographical area, interact, and share culture. For example, students at a university are a society. Their culture might include partying, studying, valuing academic achievement as well as popularity and believing that the most important part of uni is having a good time.

  2. Nature provides biological characteristics: height, build, hair colour, eye colour, etc. Nurture is how a person is socialised: the culture they develop, the norms they recognise, the beliefs and values they hold. The complete individual is a result of a combination of the two. For example, someone who is short and stocky but has been raised to believe that running regularly is an important part of life will likely be just as good a runner as - if not better than - someone who has a typically athletic build but was not socialised to see exercise as a very positive thing. Arguably, nature is what you’ve got, and nurture is what you’re socialised to believe you should do with it.

  3. Family: the family are the first reference group an infant has. They are the first to teach a child very early social skills and how to do basic acts like eating, walking and speaking.
    Peers: peers introduce each other to the concept of popularity and validation from others. While most family members will love you for you, just because you’re family, peers’ approval can be lost if you do the wrong thing. So children learn what is acceptable to those outside the family group and what isn’t.
    Media: media is often a source of reference groups, especially if all of the popular/successful/happy people in the media are presented in a certain way. Thus media suggests that this is what/who you need to be in order to be popular/happy/successful.

  4. Resocialisation occurs when a person transfers from one institution to another. It involves unlearning the culture and norms of the first institution and learning the culture and norms of the second. It usually involves some kind of process of giving up things associated with the first institution such as clothing and style, and may involve a kind of recreation of the self according to the norms of the new institution.

  5. Primary groups are groups of people who are close to you and have an influence in your life. They could be described as your “inner circle”. Secondary groups are wider acquaintances and people you interact with who you aren’t necessarily close too. Primary groups in my social experience include: best friends, family, house mates. Secondary groups include: class mates, colleagues, teachers.

  6. Technological inequality refers to an uneven spread of technology across societies, often caused by lack of resources or experience in certain areas, or a lack of incentive for developers to send their technologies there. Unequal access to technology can result in a “digital divide”, where those who have access to technology are able to utilise it in a way that allows them to progress in personal or professional development, for example, while those who do not have that access cannot. In many cases, this is broadening a gap that already existed. The digital divide can also lead to or exacerbate a knowledge gap, as things like computers and the internet have become a major source of information and education.

  7. Deviant but not criminal: talking loudly in a cinema while the film is showing; wearing very bright, long socks; sleeping during the day and being active at night.
    Criminal but not deviant: pirating movies online (illegal, but done by the majority of people, especially young people, and considered acceptable and unremarkable among them), speeding on a motorway.


#8
  1. Culture, is like a heritage and belief of a certain civilization. It pertain there national identity. It shows how unique they are and different from the rest, from the practices, etiquette, up to the clothes they wear. Culture symbolizes the faces of different nations. While society, is the whole world, how we innovate, what is our daily reaction and response to each other or situations. Society describe what’s in and not, trend or trash. It’s basically a mechanism of what social norms is and how it should be applied.

  2. Nature is the natural occurrence or development of a person. Nurture on the other hand discusses on how a certain individual is influence and shape (nurture), by peer, the outside world, and most of all family.

  3. They say family is the best teacher, they teach you the basics of live, even when you have your own life to build. The moment you were born on this planet, it was destined for them to be your guidance, from the smallest things to the biggest boulder life could throw at you, they were there.

You’ve just entered highschool, and you realize that, as time goes by you start to became more less affectionate to your parents and more to your peers. You start hanging out with them, know the world and beyond.You became more open to them, and you’re always partners in crime. Peers tend to help you out, when you are in despare, tease you a little bit, but actually love you as a FRIEND xd. They were the people to show you that the world isn’t perfect, but just like family they are willing to stay at your side

Media influence you by showing what in and not, who to vote, and how to be a functioning person of society, it shows you a greater picture on how evil this world can be, from bombing, killing, greed, and suffering. The media shows it all. At the end you began to realize how imperfect we are and decides to build your own perception on how life works for you.

  1. It is leaving the culture individuals possess and tacking up a new one

  2. Primary group are like your primary weapon in a game, you rely on them, because they are the strongest arsenal to help you fight against the bad influence of life, like family. Seondary group are like consumables in a game you used them and after you got a boost of HP or man, there gone. These type of people are you acquaintances, you learn a lesson from them and as time goes, so are they.

  3. In some parts of the world particularly Africa,technology is inaccessible, due to lack poor status, and lack of education. But in some parts of the world technology is rapidly increasing, as well as tech junks, In America technology is progressing, Japan is also know for high tech equipments.

  4. A crime is an act or omission that is a violation of law that may be prosecuted by the state. Deviant behavior are behaviors that violate social norms or accepted societal standards. Behavior that is criminal, but not deviant,driving without a license.


#9

What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.
Culture is changing constantly. Certain products of culture are governments, languages, buildings and man made things.
Society is referred to as a group of people who share common area, culture and behavior patterns. Society is united and referred as a distinct entity. Society consists of a government, health care, education system and several occupations of people.

Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.
Nature plays a role in the formation of people through genetics. Whereas, nurture is based on our relationships and the amount of caring that surrounds us as individuals.

Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.

Family influences the socialization process of children as they are the first agent of socialization. For example, children first learn how to speak, use objects, and gain an idea of how the world works from their families. Peers influence socialization at an early age by teaching each other certain norms, such as how to take turns on a playground, or the rules of a game. Additionally, this form of socialization continues as children become teenagers and begin to develop separate identities from their parents. Lastly, media influence socialization by teaching people about the objects of material culture (i.e. new technology and transportation options), as well as nonmaterial culture (i.e. beliefs, values, and expected norms).

Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
Primary groups are people (groups) who have long-term and emotional impact on you, for instance family or other significant others. Secondary groups would be time-limited and task-oriented, e.g. people at work. My primary group would be my own family, in particularly my wife. My secondary group would be work colleagues - I am a school teacher. My wife has a primary impact on my beliefs and how I change them; however, professionally-speaking other teaching colleagues, and their views, shape my professional learning views.

Explain technological inequality and
issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.
Technological inequality is an uneven access to technology by individuals basing on either race ,gender or geographical location and also fanancial welbeing of different families,this results into poor parents taking children in third world schools without technology access in form of computers while rich parents who afford expensive schools equip their children with technology accses widening the gap in information .

Provide the examples of acts that are deviant but not criminal and criminal but not deviant

examples of acts that era deviant but not criminal include,those acts which violate social norms beliefs and expectations of the society forexample picking ones nose in public,bestuality,incest ,canibalism and others
Crime on the other hand is the a behaviour that violates the official law of the land and always carries stipulated punishments forexample driving with the influence of alcohol,murder ,thefty,rape and many others.


#10

Difference Between Culture and Society

A society is a community of people co-habituating in the same general area that share the same culture. Culture is the language and social norms associated with the community. For example, America’s language of choice is English and they have given themselves the “American Dream”, which is a belief that if you work hard enough you can achieve high status in life. In Russia the community speaks Russian and has a Communist government.

Nature VS. Nurture

Everyone is born from a mother, this is a natural biological process that has been occurring since the beginning of human life. However, in recent years we have developed medicines to combat and eliminate various diseases and have in a sense but humans in a bubble. A kind of nurturing bubble that is afraid to let the children out and play in fear they will stumble upon a mysterious lethal berry and, out of curiosity, eat said berry; which may lead to an untimely demise. So they are kept in the bubble and fed modern medicine to ensure they die from being unable to walk and then are strapped to a bed to ensure they are kept alive for as long as possible, denying the natural right of the human being. Which may lead to impulsive lying and deviant actions for having a lack of freedom.

Influencing Children Through Family, Peers, and Media

Family is the home one is raised to maturity in, so the infant years of life are solely determined by the actions of the family but also as they grow older, the opinions of a “perfect child” are usually these days implanted in the child’s brain to fulfill the parents wanting for the child, in a sense stripping the child of individuality, therefore may hinder what they choose to be in life.
Peers often influence a child’s actions because the child wants to be accepted in the age group they are in. While the child may get socialization it could be the wrong kind and the child may become a criminal and considered socially deviant.
Media has an influence on children in the sense that media may advertise skinny women so the girls of the world become convinced they have to be skinny or will not be socially accepted.

Re-socialization

Re-socialization is when your beliefs and social norms are reconstructed, usually happens in total institutions.

Primary and Secondary Groups

Primary groups are the groups you spend the most face-to-face interaction with and a secondary group is the goal oriented group type. A primary group could be family and secondary group a club at a high-school.

Technological Inequality

Not all individuals in the world can afford to buy technology and/or have access to technology. In a world were technology is rapidly growing in popularity not having it can cause substantial trouble. For example, the majority of medical facilities are now transitioning to an environment were insurance is a must. For someone who doesn’t cant afford insurance they will be denied medical attention.

Deviant

A deviant act that is not criminal is wearing a trench coat in public or picking your nose around other people. A criminal act that is not deviant may be pirating videos or j-walking.


#11
  1. Culture is a group of people that share similar beliefs, values, and practices. Certain rules are of behavior are enforced by participants of these groups and others must learn these rules. These groups of people that share a community and culture and are described as a society. You can’t have one without the other.

  2. Both nature and nurture are important when it comes to being socialized and helps us define who we are. Nature comes from our genetic makeup and how we self develop. This means that our interest, behavior, and talents are set before birth due to our genetic makeup. Nurture is based on the relationships between us and the people around us and on the caring they provide. Family and friends that care for us help us define who we are.

  3. Family have a significant influence us because we interact with them so early in life and continue to interact with them all throughout our lives. They are the first to teach us what we know and how to behave and what we should believe and value in the world. Our peers come second, they are friends and acquaintances we meet that are similar to our current stage in life. They help us develop an identity that’s different from our family. They provide a different way to socialize and participate in different activities than our families as well. All media such as newspapers, television, and the internet have a major impact on our socialization. These can represent to us what social norms should be and what our beliefs and values should be.

  4. Re-socialization is the process of forgetting behaviors we were previously used to and re learning new behaviors to take its place. This can be hard since we lose a part of our identity and replace it with a new and different identity.

  5. Primary groups are usually small but very important. They are face to face interactions with people in emotional ways that stay with us throughout our lives, such as a significant other or family. Secondary groups are larger but more impersonal. They usually consist of friends, acquaintances, and coworkers. My family is definitely my primary group. They are important in my life and will be apart of my life as long as I live. My friends from school and my coworkers are my secondary group. They are important to me as well. Even though they are not as personal, I still value their relationships and they still influence my life.

  6. I remember in high school we had a lot of projects and presentations we had to do that required research through the Internet. Our school did provide computers for students so we could work during class. However, we only had a limited of time before class ended and we would have to take our projects home to continue working on them and there were quite a few people that did not have access to the internet in their homes due to expenses. The school really couldn’t do much to help other than the limited timeframe of computer access they could provide during class. This could be an example of technological inequality. The school expects everyone to be modernized and have internet access, even though some could not afford it.

  7. A woman walking around town in a tank top and shorts in the middle of winter could be viewed as a deviant act. She might receive odd glances and disapproving remarks from others but this act is not criminal. However, a gay couple getting married in a state where it is not legal could be considered criminal but not deviant since the participants are not harming anyone in any way and are happy and in love.


#12

What is the difference between culture and society?
Society is a group of people that share a common geographic area. A culture is a group of people that share the same practices, values, and beliefs.

Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.
With nurture, the people around you play a part in how you form into an individual. Though with nature, the individual that you are is already determined by genetics.

Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.
Family: They are the first form of influence. They mainly teach you how you should act by following their example. Families are supposed to teach the basics on how to interact with others.
Peers: These are the actual people you choose to listen to and possibly even copy. So, we would watch them and see how they respond to certain situations. Then when that situation arises, we would likely respond in the same way.
Media: Media is used to share information with a lot of people at once. It’s not always a true message. And the message can change the way we view or interact with others.

Define and discuss resocialization.
Resocialization is the process of leaving a culture and going into another.

Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
Primary groups are the people that impact and are around me the most. For example, my family would be my primary group. Secondary groups are people you are around on a regular basis, but not most of the time. So, my secondary group would be my church.

Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology.
Technological inequality is when others don’t have the same advantages with technology. For some reason, they weren’t able to get technology which may cause them to be ill informed.

Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.
Things like wearing two different socks, being loud in a movie theater, wearing pajamas to an opera, or chewing with your mouth open at a fancy restaurant are considered deviant acts. While, things like littering, pirating, stealing, and driving without a license is considered a criminal act.


#13

The difference between culture and society
Culture is a belief system by a group (values and practices)
Society is a group or community of people that share those beliefs and practices.
Large city is a society and the belief they share are the languages of their cultures.

Nature plays a role in the formation of people though genetics.
Nurture is based on the amount of caring that surrounds us as an individual.
Nature we are born with the color of our hair , eyes and skin color.
Nurture as we grow we are shaped into our cultures. by learning our family values and practices.

Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children.

Family: are the first agent of socialization process . Children learn to talk, walk and what is right and wrong.
Peers: Influence a child in how to play with others.How they should interact in groups.
Media: Influences the process in a difference way, by watching TV and reading magazines or playing video games. Children may learn valance, that being thin is how a girl should be.

Define primary and secondary groups. Then provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience. Primary groups play the most critical ole in our lives. They a individuals that are
face -to-face , like a parent that is long term . Secondary groups would be your class room at school.

Technological inequalities the age gap is a big one for me. The changes of technology move so fast I don’t
have the help with the learning process of computers like the children have available to them. It is now a part of there every day life’s. Most schools have computers and teach with them as a learning tool.

Deviant but not criminal acts that violate the cultural norms, like picking your noise in public.


#14

What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.

Culture is defined as a set of norms and beliefs that characterize a group of people. Example such as a group of people believing that marriage is a sacred bond and divorce should never be an option.
Society is a group of people who are in constant interaction with each other. An example could be a small village Flores, Guatemala.

Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.
Nature is essentially the genetic make up of a person that comes from both parents through conception and that they carry out through the rest of their lives. This effects gender, all physical attributes and talents. Nature can only responsible for the physical development from a fetus to an adult. Nurture can be defined as different environmental factors that a person is subject to from birth to death. So a physical attribute from the beginning could be prenatal nutrition. Family, friends, and neighborhood directly effect the individuals perspective of society’s norms and things that are accepted. Human development has been found to speed up and be more focused due to nurture as it builds upon its talents provided by nature.

Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.

Family: Is the first to teach how to speak, eat, take care of oneself and look out for others in the family. To live and communicate as a unit , to consider others and to be compassionate towards others.
Peers: Are the first to teach you how to interact with large social groups, later show you how to create a separate identity from your parents
Media: Influences socialization by teaching people about the objects of material culture

Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
Primary groups are the most critical most influential group in your life. Individual who generally face to face in long term emotional ways, an example would be family.
Secondary group are larger and more impersonal, an example of that could be your homeroom class.

Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.
Acts that are deviant but not criminal:
1.Breaking schools dress code
2. Nudity
3. Bizarre tattoos and piercings
Acts that are criminal but not deviant:

  1. Rape
  2. Murder
  3. Robbery

#15
  1. Culture is shared beliefs, values and practices that members of a society must learn, while Society is a group of people who share a community and culture. For example Pakistani immigrants in London comprise a society, who practice their culture in their own ways. The customs they have while marrying, or their religious customs are special to them and different from the culture practiced by English people.
  2. Nurture means the relationships and caring that surrounds us. Nature is who we are as a result of genetics. According to latter belief, our temperaments, interests, and talents are set before birth. While some may argue that we are a product of one of these two, I believe that who we are is a result of combination of both. We inherit some traits and characteristics that are a direct result of genetics, such as eye and hair color or some characteristic traits, whereas there are many characteristics that we develop in the course of our life and as a result of the nurture that surrounds us. We learn a lot in our childhood, at school and later at the university and in the society, that we have not inherited from our parents.
  3. Family is the first and one of the most important agents of socialization -socialization is teaching and learning about an unending array of objects and ideas. Children learn a lot from their mothers and fathers, siblings and grandparents, plus members of an extended family about especially the basic things that they need to know in early years of their lives, such as how to dress, how to use objects, how to relate to others, and generally how the world works. A peer group is made up of people who are similar in age and social status and who share interests. Peer group socialization begins in the earliest years, such as when kids on a playground play. The older kids teach younger children the norms about taking turns, the rules of a game, or how to shoot a basket. As children grow into teenagers, this process continues. As the adolescents begin to develop a new identity, peer groups become important to adolescents in a new way, as they begin to develop an identity separate from their parents and exert independence. Moreover, peer groups provide different opportunities for socialization that are not otherwise possible in socialization with family. Due to the fact that Mass media distribute huge quantity of impersonal information to a wide audience, via television, newspapers, radio, and the Internet, with the average person spending over four hours a day in front of the television (and children averaging even more screen time), media greatly influences social norms (Roberts, Foehr, and Rideout 2005). People learn about objects of
    material culture (like new technology and transportation options), as well as nonmaterial culture—what is true (beliefs), what is important (values), and what is expected (norms).
  4. Resocialization is a process in which old behaviors that were helpful in a previous role are removed because they are no longer of use. When a person enters a new environment, resocialization is necessary. In the new environment, the old rules no longer apply. The process of resocialization is typically more
    stressful than normal socialization because people have to unlearn behaviors that have become customary to them. Immigration, serving time in jail, joining army, moving to a new school or to senior care home are examples of when resocialization happens. Many individuals are resocialized into an institution through a two-part process. First, members entering an institution must leave behind their old identity through what is known as a degradation ceremony. In a degradation ceremony, new members lose the aspects of their old identity and are given new identities. The process is sometimes gentle. To enter a senior care home, an elderly person often must leave a family home and give up many belongings which were part of his
    or her long-standing identity. This process is also gentle and happens in an environment of support and caring, but in other situations, the degradation ceremony can be more extreme. New prisoners lose freedom, rights (including the right to privacy), and personal belongings. Or, when entering the army, soldiers must give up any markers of their former identity, and almost completely change their life style and conform to a harsh new life style that deprives them of many rights and freedom that they used to enjoy before, in order to be resocialized into a new identity as a soldier.
  5. Sociologist Charles Horton Cooley (1864–1929) suggested that groups can broadly be divided into two categories: primary groups and secondary groups. According to Cooley, primary groups play the most critical role in our lives. The primary group is usually fairly small and is made up of individuals who generally engage face-to-face in long-term emotional ways. This group serves emotional needs: expressive functions rather than pragmatic ones. The primary group is usually made up of significant others, those individuals who have the most impact on our socialization. Secondary groups are often larger and impersonal. They may also be task-focused and time-limited. These groups serve an
    instrumental function rather than an expressive one, meaning that their role is more goal- or task-oriented than emotional. In my case, apart from my family, my friends have functioned as another primary group in my life. An example of secondary group in the work place that I used to work, though part of this secondary group transformed to a primary group for me, as we made friends in the course of our working.
  6. Like any other improvement to human society, technology often creates changes that lead to ever greater inequalities. Technology, due to the nature of its distribution, widens the gap much faster. There are two forms of technological stratification. The first is differential class-based access to technology in the form of the digital divide. This digital divide has led to the second form, a knowledge gap, which is, as it sounds, an ongoing and increasing gap in information for those who have less access to technology. Information is power, and as some societies, especially those in less-developed or rural areas have less access to the new technology, it hinders their competition capabilities and results in less opportunities, and hence a shift of their capital and benefits to the societies that enjoy more advanced technologies. This in general leaves the societies divided into those with technological knowledge and those without. Even when access is improved, it is very probable that the gap in e-readiness -the ability to sort through, interpret, and process knowledge- might fail to be addressed. An example is the huge gap between the societies that have progressed in using new technologies versus those who are lagging behind. The former that have access to the latest technology control the markets, whereas the latter due to lack of access to the new technology or e-readiness lose the battle, as they are left with no other option.
  7. Sitting in a class with a box or sack over your head and face is not a crime, but is deviant. Going to a symphony orchestra concert with shorts and sneakers is not a crime, but is deviant. Female genital mutilation, or marriage of minor girls that are practiced in some societies could be examples of acts that are criminal by law, but are not considered as deviant acts in those societies.

#16

what is the difference between culture and society?
society is an organized group of people that live together and interact with each other.
culture is the way of living people in particular place or region
although they cannot exist without each other.
discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual?
nature is responsible of growth of a person from the fetus level until development into normal adult
the genetic makeup of human being is responsible for their sex,skin,color of their eyes.
nurture plays a big role in human development.
nurture in some way speeds up individual capacity to study and learn.
discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children:family,peers,and media.
the family is the first agent of socialization that encounter child.
mother father they teach him or her everything he or she needs to know.
peers is the first socialization experience outside of the family.
define and discuss re-socialization?
re-socialization is the process of learning new attitudes and norms required for new social role.
re-socialization is when a members entering a new country or a new work they should leave behind their identity through what we called degradation ceremony.
new members lose the aspect of their old identity and given new identity.
define primary and secondary groups.then provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
primary group it serves emotional needs,expressive function rather than pragmatic one.
for example my family.
secondary group it serves an instrumental function rather than an expressive one
for example classroom,office.
explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology.please provide some examples.
technological inequality could mean no access to computer or internet
this inequality resulted from both economic and sociopolitical characteristic
there is more than one issue that related to this inequality such poverty,race,region and sex.
for example people in us and other developed nation have more access to technology than people in Africa,children have less access than adults.
provide examples of acts that are deviant but not criminal;and criminal but not deviant.
talking to yourself,laughing without no reason are examples of deviant but not criminal.
robbery,rape,murder are examples of criminal but not deviant.


#17
  1. Culture is a shared set of experiences, beliefs and values while society is the community and culture we share in. They are different because one of them is based on our experiences and how those plus beliefs and values have individually impacted our lives while society is more of the location. We have a large Slovakian church about five minutes from my house. We participate in the same society, but to this point I have not shared in the culture that they have.
  2. The formation of the individual is based a bit on their genetics (Nature) because of things like IQ, DNA etc. but I believe someone can achieve a lot of things they may not be naturally gifted in. The primary formation of an individual comes through the nurture role. Their parents, people around them, what they learn first etc. it has a humongous role in how they grow up and what kind of a person they become.
  3. Family usually has the biggest impact on you because they are who you grow up with, have first experiences with, are molded by, and are with the most as they support you. Peers usually have an impact because we want to please them and fit in with them. This means we occasionally change our lifestyle to fit that; however, even when we don’t, we regard some of them as important people alongside us in this journey of life.
  4. Resocialization- Old behaviors that were helpful in a previous role are removed because they are no longer of use. Essentially, this is when you are changed as a person. For example, in a boot camp you lose a bunch of old behaviors because the army works a lot differently than your original life. When you become a teacher, you act a lot differently than when you were a student because a lot of student’s habits are not good in the role of teacher.
  5. Primary groups are your centralized, most important people (anchors) in your life. Secondary groups are ones that are important for a certain amount of time, but aren’t in that inner circle you have. For me, my bible study groups at church are my secondary groups. I spend a good amount of time with them, but they don’t know all about my life. My primary group is my family and my best friends from college. They know all about what is going on in my life, and when I need advice I go to them for it.
  6. Technological inequality is oftentimes very tied to economic inequality. For example, I have grown up in a middle-class household and I own a laptop, tablet and smartphone. Someone from a lower-class household may not have the money for all of those, or have the access to Wi-Fi from home like I do. As a substitute teacher, I have heard the kids who have to finish all their assignments on the school’s chrome books during school hours because they really don’t have access outside of that environment.
  7. The most simplistic one would be picking your nose. That is considered deviant, but not criminal. Another would be not doing your homework. That’s not a criminal offense, but it is widely considered to be deviant. On the other hand, going about 5 mph above the speed limit is not considered deviant (it would be if you go faster!) but it is illegal. Another example would be that you do a terrible job parking your car, and you don’t notice your wheel is across the line into another parking space. It’s not deviant, but definitely illegal.

#18

1. What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.
Culture involves shared beliefs, values, and practices that participants must learn. For example, many people might be into going out and partying often which is their practice. A society is a group of people who live in a definable community and share the same culture. For example, all of the people who like to go out and party often are the society.
2. Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.
Nature is who we are based on our genetics. This could have to do with some of our personality traits that we possibly got from our parents. Nurture is the relationships and caring that surround us. The people who raise us can influence how we act.
3. Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media
Family influences the socialization process when children first learn how to speak and get a first impression of how the world works. Peers influence the socialization process by teaching each other certain things like how to play games and how to act in groups. Media influences the socialization process by showing us material culture and nonmaterial culture.
4. Define and discuss resocialization.
Resocialization is when old behaviors that were previously helpful are removed because they are no longer of use. A person is taught new behaviors in order to fit into a new environment. This usually happens in total institutions.
5. Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
Primary groups play the most critical role in our lives. They are usually fairly small. They are made up of individuals who generally engage face to face in long term emotional ways. Secondary groups are often larger and impersonal. They are task focuses and time limited. They serve an instrumental function rather than an expressive one. For example, my family, my boyfriend, are considered my primary group. People that I work with sometimes are considered my secondary group.
6. Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.
Technological inequality is when one group of people may have more access to technology than another group of people. This may have to do with race, geographic location, financial well-being, etc. For example, wealthier families who have their kids go to more expensive private schools may have more access to technology than middle or low class families who have their kids go to public schools.
7. Provide example of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.
Examples of acts that are deviant but not criminal are talking with your mouth full or talking loudly in a quiet public place. Examples of acts that are criminal but not deviant are shoplifting or littering.


#19

What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.

Culture is the shared values, beliefs and customs of a society, while a society refers to a group of people who live in a definable community and share that culture. For instance I live in Denver Colorado, and you can define the society I live in as a member of the population of that city, or “people from Denver.” The culture of people from Denver links to the shared behaviors and beliefs that we all (or at least a sizeable amount to make it commonly accepted) such as liking craft breweries, music festivals, bringing your dog everywhere, hiking on the weekends and drinking on patios. Or can even include non-recreational activities such as driving behavior. Denver is notorious for our drivers running through red lights to the point where a car that ran the light was not the last one through, 3 more follow him after the light turned red! Culturally, that’s very common to see in Denver.

Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.

I believe both have a huge role to play in who a person becomes. While the “nature” or predisposed genetic traits a person has can determine how tall you are to even how naturally social someone is can be passed down from your genetic line. If you have outgoing parents, you are genetically disposed to being more likely to also being outgoing. But “nurture” can have a huge impact on these traits if they aren’t supported or are severely degraded. For instance if those outgoing parents that you had passed away when you were young and you were raised by someone who is incredibly introverted and chastised you for those traits, you may grow up learning to limit them and change. Society can have a huge impact on others behaviors and if you are genetically predisposed with a personality trait that your culture does not find acceptable, usually years of social pressure will teach someone to not give in to those traits frequently, or risk social sanctions.
Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.
Kohlberg’s theory of Moral Development tells us that moral development exists in 3 stages. The preconventional stage refers to when children are very young and discovering the world through their senses, such as sight, taste and sound. A childs family may provide them with tactile toys to let them develop the feel for different objects, they will likely allow them to try various forms of food which will develop their palette in addition to language, early social behaviors and family expectations.

The next stage is the Conventional, which usually happens when a child is a bit older and they can start to understand the feelings of their peer groups. From attending school, they not only begin to learn to navigate systems, but they start to understand social pressure and begin to develop their sense of what is good and bad within their particular culture and mind. It can also be the time where they are unconsciously creating reference groups and comparing themselves to other children. “Why does this kid have the toy I wanted? It’s not fair, but I have more or am better behaved than another kid” would be something that a baby or toddler who hasn’t left the preconventional stage would be able to contemplate because they haven’t been socialized amongst their peers. Media used to be very limited at this stage of life but it still has a huge impact, a perfect example being the harm caused to little girls self-esteem by unrealistic advertisements.

Then finally, Kolhberg references the post conventional stage, where a person is able to think a bit more abstractly, for instance understanding that oftentimes legality does not equal morality. Historically, media outside of what was available through the social institutions of your school or government operated library were very limited before you reached the typical age range associated with postconventional thought. I think that the growing use of technology and access to the internet is shifting when some of this development is happening with children and we are seeing this stage much earlier on than commonly accepted among sociologists.

Define and discuss resocialization.

Resocialization is the process by which old behaviors and unlearned and new behaviors are learned in their place. This is typically more difficult for the individual than any other form of socialization because you have to actively stop a behavior that you have likely been repeating for so long it has become unconscious. Becoming conscious about that which you were not conscious of can be a painful process. It is a necessary and fully witnessed in the resocialization process for anyone entering a total institution such as a prison or jail. But resocialization is also necessary on a smaller scale, such as for someone entering a nursing home as an elder person used to living on their own, or a child who has been at home with their Mom their entire life but is now entering school for the first time.

Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
A primary group is a small informal group of people who are closest to us such as our family or our close friends, while a secondary group is a larger informal group that is usually task oriented and/or time limited. In my life, my primary groups include my family and my friends who I spend time with regularly. Their opinions are very important to me and they are foundational in my life. My secondary groups include the coalition of other non-profit staffers I work with on a daily bases in my job. Our time together is limited and it is in service of the completion of tasks. Even though I am friendly with this secondary group, none of them are close enough to me personally or for a reason other than shared goals, to be a member of my primary group.

Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.
Technology has always had an impact on society all the way back to when man created fire and learned that heat could cook things and that sticks could be used to move the food so you wouldn’t burn your hands. Technology is simply the use of science to accomplish a goal. Most people in modern society colloquially refer to technology as digital technology such as the internet, computers and other modern day devices and there is currently a huge technology gap across the globe. Focusing on the United States for example, finding high speed wireless internet may be easy in the city but significantly harder in rural areas. Even if someone in a rural area can afford the computer itself, if they cannot get reliable access to the internet they can’t download what they need to study, or stream the live updates from Facebook about a major protest happening in their capitol city. Alternatively and especially for people of color who are more likely to live in those urban areas, statistically they are able to get online via their phones, but without the ability to afford the computer itself, it is harder for them to update their resume and apply for jobs. People who can afford high speed internet, a computer and a phone are able to do anything they need to use technology and be empowered in it, while others have no tools, or only some of the tools necessary to get the full benefit of modern day digital technology and this imbalance creates not only a technology gap, but a knowledge gap as well.

Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.
Deviance is determined by the cultural reaction to the behavior

Deviant but not criminal: Cheating on your partner, cussing like a sailor, lying to your friends
Criminal but not deviant: Speeding, jaywalking, a 20 year old drinking a beer at a family bbq


#20
  1. A culture is a group of people that share the same practices, values, and beliefs.
    Society is a group of people that share a common geographic area.
  2. With nurture, how you are raised by the people around you. With nature, the individual that you are is already determined by genetics.
    3)Family are the first form of influence. They mainly teach you how you should act by following their example. Families are supposed to teach the basics on how to interact with others.
    Peers: These are the actual people you choose to listen to and possibly even copy. So, we would watch them and see how they respond to certain situations. Then when that situation arises, we would likely respond in the same way.
    Media: Media is used to share information with a lot of people at once. It’s not always a true message. And the message can change the way we view or interact with others.
  3. Resocialization is the process of leaving a culture and going into another.
  4. Primary groups are the people that impact an individual the most . Secondary groups are people you are around on a regular basis, My primary group would be my sisters, husband and my daughter. My secondary group would be my friends.
  5. Technological inequality is when others don’t have the same advantages with technology.
  6. Being obnoxious is deviant acts. While, things stealing, drinking underage, doing drugs a criminal act.