SOC101: Unit 2 Discussion


#21

What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.
Society is a group of people who live near each other, interact, and share some sort of sense of identity. Culture is how these people interact, and what they collectively have decided is the socially appropriate way to behave. For example, the U.S. is a society who have a sense of identity as Americans and who feel connected through things like Nationalism and voting. Culture in America is how people behave, such as trying to live the American dream, or shaming those who do not know how to speak English.

Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.
People are influenced by nature and nurture, or as a biologist might say, by the environment and by genetics. For example, a baby will naturally cling to its mother. Babies also have grabbing reflexes, such as holding onto someones finger. As the baby grows, its parents will nurture it to influence how it asks for food, shows affection, and acts towards strangers.

Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.
Family is often the first group that influences a person’s socialization. They teach a child how to sit, walk, and hug. Peers teach a child how to play fair, how to dress without being made fun of, and what is socially appropriate to bring to lunch else they will have a “lunchbox moment.” The media influences kids by convincing them that products are cool. It influences kids to ask their parents for things like trips to Disney, dress-up clothes, or Trix cereal.

Define and discuss resocialization.
Resocialization is when a person learns new social behaviors that are considered acceptable in a group, and often involves having to give up a previous part of their identity. For example, when a teenager rushes a sorority, she may have to go through initiation. In this process, she may give up her previous identity of quiet and studious, to be more like her new sisters. She may be pressured to ditch her glasses, wear shorter dresses, and begin using substances that rapidly degrade her body. This is influence from a peer group, in the form of informal sanctions.

Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
Primary groups are groups one feels like they are welcomed and belong to, and influence their identity. This can be a school orchestra, sports team, or videogame club. A secondary group is a group where people are there for a common material end goal, such as the class of 2017 in highschool, who is there with the goal of earning a diploma.

Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.
Technological inequality is how people in differing geological areas, of different races, and of different economic and social classes have varying levels of access to technology. For example, areas of Philly that are white tend to have much better schools than poorer areas that tend to have more people of color. The schools in the wealthier areas have more funding, newer facilities, better teachers, and more advanced technology than those in poorer neighborhoods.

Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.
It is deviant to wear a cocktail dress to lecture, but nor criminal. It is criminal to smoke pot in PA, but not deviant.


#22

1.What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples
Culture is shared beliefs, values, and practices that must learn. For example: religion, wedding ceremonies.
Society: the community who shared that culture


2.Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual
Natura play a role in the information of people through genetic .
Nurture is based on community impact to the person. How he or she grew up , what he learn from family,school and from his relationship


3.Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media
Family is the first agent of socialization.
family, all teach a child what he or she needs to know,
For example: they show the child how to use objects, how to relate to others ,and how the world works

Apeer group is made up of people who are similar in age and social status and who share interests
With peer they begin to develop an identity separate from their parents and exert independence ,peer groups provide their own opportunities for socialization since kids usually engage in different types of activities with their peers than they do with their families

media:
media greatly influences social norms . People learn about objects of material culture like new technology and transportation option as well as nonmaterial culture such as beliefs, values, norms.


4.Define and discuss resocialization?
Re-socialization

Re-socialization is when your beliefs and social norms are reconstructed, usually happens in total institutions.


5.Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience…

Primary groups play the most critical role in our lives. They are usually small, and made up of individuals who generally engage face-to-face in long-term emotional ways. An example of a primary group is a person’s family. However, secondary groups are larger and more impersonal. They can also be task-focused and time-limited. An example of a secondary group would be a corporate office.


6-
Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some example

technological inequality: not everyone has equal access to technology
Technology, in particular, often creates changes that lead to ever greater inequalities. In short, the gap gets wider faster. This technological stratification has led to a new focus on ensuring better access for all


  1. Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant

Example of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal;
during the U.S. civil rights movement, Rosa Parks violated social norms when she refused to move to the “black section” of the bus .
Example act that are criminal but NOT deviant:
Driving with the influence of alcohol,murder ,thefty,rape and many others


#23

The difference between culture and society Culture is the shared beliefs, values, and practices that we learn from our communities. Society is the result of many individuals and everyday interactions. In society many cultures overlap such as the culture of teens. Teens and children interact with society but they have their own beliefs that may change as they grow. Culture is also how we interact as a community such as those of Spanish decent celebrate different holidays than those not in the culture.

The roles of nature and nurture in the formation of an individual Nature is what exists within a person biologically where as nurture is how the person was raised. An individual may be born with a gene that makes them susceptible to depression or any other mental disorders. An individual may be nurtured to believed that is how people behave and is normal. A person may be born gay but taught it is wrong so that is what they behave as.

The influence of family, peers and media in the socialization process A family may socialize kids by teaching them manors that are acceptable within society such as saying please and thank you. Peers may influence them by showing them how to behave whether in a good or bad way. The media could show them one way of thinking so that is how they believe to be proficient members in society.

Resocialization Resocialization is the process by which one’s sense of social values, beliefs and norms are re-engineered. An example is a soldier returning from war but now sees all the things wrong with society. They may decide to join a group of outlaws who now align with what they believe should be the rules of society.

Primary and Secondary Groups Primary groups play the most critical role in society. They are usually a small group made up of individuals who generally engage in face to face long term interactions. Secondary groups are larger groups and often impersonal. They are more task oriented and time limited, they are more goal oriented rather than emotional. A primary group may be one’s family where as secondary groups could be a group of workers. One’s family is for life and we are usually emotionally attached to those within our families. One’s co-workers work together in order to get things done within a timely manner.

Technological Inequalities and Issues related to unequal access to technology Technological inequalities refers to the unequal access to technology within society. Such as those not being able to afford internet access, this means those people are not able to be on the same level as those with access. They may be able to do the same work but they will have to work harder. This is an issue because it usually only effects the lower class who must work harder but never catch up to those with power.

Examples of Deviant but not criminal; Criminal but not deviant An example of deviant but not criminal is someone who picks their nose in public. It goes against social norms but not criminal. An example of criminal but not deviant is someone who receives a ticket for parking somewhere they aren’t supposed to.


#24

What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.
Society is a group of people living in a defined area. Culture is how the people are living there based on their upbringing and new ideas. For example many people live in Nashville, TN as a society. Culturally those people are familiar and sometimes frequent “Meat and 3” restaurants. Many other parts of the country are not familiar with what this means.
Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.
Nurture is the discussion of how a person’s environment help them develop into their current person. Nature is the discussion of a person’s genes making them the current person.
Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.
Children are influenced by family from the beginning of life in most cases. Family can be identified as steady and reliable or not in some cases. Children are generally taught love and acceptance by family. Peers can begin to influence children as they are introduced into new concepts, cultures, ways of life than what their family provided. Children can begin to develop their own ideas with understanding there are outside options from their family. Media can influence children positively or negatively. Media makes the inaccessible accessible for many children. They can view cultures and ideas from all over the world which can influence their thoughts and behaviors. Define and discuss resocialization.
Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
Primary groups are smaller and are people that engage face to face regularly, likely long term relationships. An example is immediate family. Secondary groups are smaller, less personal groups. An example is a large office of coworkers.
Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.
Technological inequalities refers to the divide on those with access to technology and those that do not. For example the higher funded schools have the ability to put the latest technology into children’s classrooms and teach them how to use it efficiently. The underfunded schools do not have as much technology or not the newest technology. This divide grows as children get more and more access to newer and better technology and have marketable skills after school. The underfunded schools have children that are not always able to make up the difference therefore are always catching up even when entering the job market.

Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.
Something considered deviant could be an elderly woman wearing a bikini however that is not criminal. Something criminal in some people’s view might be usage of marijuana because it is illegal however they do not feel it is deviant.


#25

What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.
Society is a group of people living in a defined area. Culture is how the people are living there based on their upbringing and new ideas. For example many people live in Nashville, TN as a society. Culturally those people are familiar and sometimes frequent “Meat and 3” restaurants. Many other parts of the country are not familiar with what this means.
Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.
Nurture is the discussion of how a person’s environment help them develop into their current person. Nature is the discussion of a person’s genes making them the current person.
Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.
Children are influenced by family from the beginning of life in most cases. Family can be identified as steady and reliable or not in some cases. Children are generally taught love and acceptance by family. Peers can begin to influence children as they are introduced into new concepts, cultures, ways of life than what their family provided. Children can begin to develop their own ideas with understanding there are outside options from their family. Media can influence children positively or negatively. Media makes the inaccessible accessible for many children. They can view cultures and ideas from all over the world which can influence their thoughts and behaviors. Define and discuss resocialization.
Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
Primary groups are smaller and are people that engage face to face regularly, likely long term relationships. An example is immediate family. Secondary groups are smaller, less personal groups. An example is a large office of coworkers.
Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.
Technological inequalities refers to the divide on those with access to technology and those that do not. For example the higher funded schools have the ability to put the latest technology into children’s classrooms and teach them how to use it efficiently. The underfunded schools do not have as much technology or not the newest technology. This divide grows as children get more and more access to newer and better technology and have marketable skills after school. The underfunded schools have children that are not always able to make up the difference therefore are always catching up even when entering the job market.

Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.
Something considered deviant could be an elderly woman wearing a bikini however that is not criminal. Something criminal in some people’s view might be usage of marijuana because it is illegal however they do not feel it is deviant.


#26

What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.
Society is a group of people living in a defined area. Culture is how the people are living there based on their upbringing and new ideas. For example many people live in Nashville, TN as a society. Culturally those people are familiar and sometimes frequent “Meat and 3” restaurants. Many other parts of the country are not familiar with what this means.
Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.
Nurture is the discussion of how a person’s environment help them develop into their current person. Nature is the discussion of a person’s genes making them the current person.
Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.
Children are influenced by family from the beginning of life in most cases. Family can be identified as steady and reliable or not in some cases. Children are generally taught love and acceptance by family. Peers can begin to influence children as they are introduced into new concepts, cultures, ways of life than what their family provided. Children can begin to develop their own ideas with understanding there are outside options from their family. Media can influence children positively or negatively. Media makes the inaccessible accessible for many children. They can view cultures and ideas from all over the world which can influence their thoughts and behaviors. Define and discuss resocialization.
Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.
Primary groups are smaller and are people that engage face to face regularly, likely long term relationships. An example is immediate family. Secondary groups are smaller, less personal groups. An example is a large office of coworkers.
Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.
Technological inequalities refers to the divide on those with access to technology and those that do not. For example the higher funded schools have the ability to put the latest technology into children’s classrooms and teach them how to use it efficiently. The underfunded schools do not have as much technology or not the newest technology. This divide grows as children get more and more access to newer and better technology and have marketable skills after school. The underfunded schools have children that are not always able to make up the difference therefore are always catching up even when entering the job market.

Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.
Something considered deviant could be an elderly woman wearing a bikini however that is not criminal. Something criminal in some people’s view might be usage of marijuana because it is illegal however they do not feel it is deviant.


#27

What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.

The difference between culture and society is that one represents all the beliefs of a group, while the other represents the people who share those beliefs.

Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.

Nature is what we genetically inherit from our parents while nurture is how we were raised, what type of environment and how it influenced us.

Discuss how each of the following influence the socialization process in children: family, peers, and media.

Family is at the core of the socialization process, it forms all the building blocks on which the rest take shape.
Peers influence us as the accepted norms growing up, rules of a game and accepted behavior.
While the media influences us on the material and nonmaterial level.

Define and discuss resocialization.

Resocialization occurs when an individual has to learn new behaviors in order to fit in a new environment that is completely different from the original one.

Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.

Family is an example of primary group and it influences our behaviors long-term, while secondary groups are time-limited groups brought together to reach a certain objective, and influence us only short-term.

Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.

Technological inequality is the gap of some generations or groups that do not possess ready access to the same technology as others.

One example could be countries that do not possess the same technology as other countries which results in being unable to compete at the global level on certain critical issues.

Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.

Cursing in a church can be deviant behavior but not criminal, while a politician embezzling money is committing a criminal but not deviant act.


#28

The difference between culture and society is the learned practices of a culture and born into “that’s just how it is” norms of a society. For example, In America, we are naturally under the leadership and say of a President and the same for England with their Royal Rulers. We’re never really given in-depth answers of why that is or even how we should feel about it. In our society we have a set leader who controls our nation, that is just how it is. But, in our culture, we are taught from an early age what it means or doesn’t mean to love. While some people in other cultures might be told how to love and have a completely different definition. We are taught how to feel about things we can control, who we have the potential to be based on our social standing, what to say to people in small talk, and even who to expect to have in our lives and who we will not (also based on social standing). Culture is something we can easily influence, the culture of our families, neighborhoods, communities, and so forth. Society, on the other hand, is on a much larger scale and takes things like social movements, laws, and say from our leadership to change.

Closely related nature and nurture are two very important parts of our own self-development and how we see ourselves. Our nature is strictly genetics, the interests you might have based on your natural talent for a sport or creative outlet, the temperament you have, your patience, and in some people the addictive personality you could have. The nurture you experience in your childhood, teen years, and early adulthood ultimately shape you as a person. Based on the experiences & care you have from family, close family friends, or anyone who was given the ability to teach you or influence your upbringing.

Family plays the biggest role in your socialization as a child. Being the first group of people you ever come in contact with, they influence most if not all of the ways you will socialize through the coming years. Even as a child everything that is seen in your social skills can be found in your family more than any other social agent. Depending on your parents’ childhood, teenage years, and young adult life your socialization is a direct result. A family’s social standing is also a big factor in a child’s socialization and the characteristics instilled in them. Poor families are more likely to teach their children more people/survival skill centered socialization. Things like obedience, compassion, and conformity would most likely be where it starts in a child’s life. While in wealthier families a child might be more often taught good and bad judgment, creativity, and their potential in education. A family is also the first place a child learns of gender roles, seeing which parent (if any) is a stay at home during their early years, what kind of jobs the mom and dad have, and what both parents bring to the table in the family and how it works. Peer Groups are a close second to being the most important part of a child’s socialization. This group teaches you things like how to play a game or how to write your name in cute ways like the girl next to you in class. But they also teach you bigger things like showing you who you want to be, what you like in friends, and what ambitions/interests you want to have. The family’s influence can even be found in this part of your socialization. Whether you see it fully based on who is around and who is not in your group or if it is subconsciously found in the characteristics of the people in your group. Lastly, Media is the 3rd most important influence of your socialization as a child. Things like the tv shows, movies, books, magazines, and internet exposure all play roles in showing you what your role in society is (“that’s just how it is”). Young boys are shown they are the hero, the troublemaker, they don’t HAVE to be smart, the football player, the womanizer, and really anything they set their mind to. Young girls are shown a more vulnerable side that boys are taught through media makes them weak. Girls are shown they are the princess, the fixer, the smart one, the cheerleader (either sports wise or metaphorically), to romanticize everything, and that they too can do what they want but… In a more “this is how it is” way. I think media plays a big part in a young boy and girls socialization, especially if that boy or girl feels like they don’t fit into the norms of the media they see. Which then causes them to feel out of place, alone, and to withdraw from certain groups or kinds of socialization.

Resocialization is when old behaviors from a previous role are removed because they are not useful in a new social role. The most stressful form of socialization and the most degrading, with a ceremony actually called the degradation ceremony, resocialization causes you to become accustomed to a person’s rules while being or feeling completely taken out of society. Going to a boarding school, transitioning into a senior citizen home, joining the military, and going to jail are all examples of resocialization. The two steps to resocialization always start with the previously mention Degradation Ceremony. A person must be stripped of their old identity to take up a new one that fits the new social situation. When an elderly woman leaves her home, belongings, and memories that made her who she is to move into a senior home she is stripped of her identity. Just like when a new prisoner has his rights, freedom, and belongings taken from him in an effort to strip away his current identity. After the first stage, you then have to learn how to adapt to your new social standing and how to move forward in life during and after your time there. Prisoners reconnecting with the world after a sentence in jail is an example of finding another new identity in society while also applying the things you learned with your resocialization experience. Most people have a hard time sliding back into society after being resocialized, but some can easily come back and flourish in their new life.

Primary and secondary groups are the two common groups you will definitely have in your life. Primary groups are filled with the people you will emotionally connect with long term, the ones you will look to and want around for support, love, and happiness. This group is the most influential and important to a person’s life. Some find their family here, other’s have close friends and significant others. For me, my primary group had all those things but sometimes your group transitions or goes through an evaluation period, that’s where I’m at. Now your secondary group is where your goal orientated relationships can be found. Ones like your coworkers from the office, the students in your class, or the people on your sports team are all in your secondary group. There’s not really much of an emotional connection with these people and they do not have one with you. You’re all there for what the other person brings to getting closer to your common goal.

Technological Inequality is when the aftermath of technology not being spread evenly to different countries around the world. The 2 main issues that come out of this are Digital Divide which is when there is an uneven acess to the internet and technology among people of different race, social class, in different parts of the world. And the Knowledge Gap, what happens when there is an ongoing and increasing knowledge gap between those who can learn with technology and those that have a minimum to no experience with it. Even at the age of 8 kids in America have a way better understanding of technology and the things learned using it than kids of the same age in a poverty-stricken town in another country. The same goes for a woman in a receptionist position in America who uses a computer and typing skills every day than a woman with the same job with temporary to no computer access in another geographical location.

Deviance an act of violating established cultural or social norms can be found in small acts like a woman walking around her suburbian town with her head shaved and tattoos from the top of her head to the soles of her feet. A criminal act that is not deviant can be seen as the act of drug dealing which is illegal but also not unknown to society, just like murder or stealing. The acts would be known as deviance if they were something society had never had to deal with before, drug dealing is a social norm along with murder and shoplifting.