The difference between culture and society is the learned practices of a culture and born into “that’s just how it is” norms of a society. For example, In America, we are naturally under the leadership and say of a President and the same for England with their Royal Rulers. We’re never really given in-depth answers of why that is or even how we should feel about it. In our society we have a set leader who controls our nation, that is just how it is. But, in our culture, we are taught from an early age what it means or doesn’t mean to love. While some people in other cultures might be told how to love and have a completely different definition. We are taught how to feel about things we can control, who we have the potential to be based on our social standing, what to say to people in small talk, and even who to expect to have in our lives and who we will not (also based on social standing). Culture is something we can easily influence, the culture of our families, neighborhoods, communities, and so forth. Society, on the other hand, is on a much larger scale and takes things like social movements, laws, and say from our leadership to change.
Closely related nature and nurture are two very important parts of our own self-development and how we see ourselves. Our nature is strictly genetics, the interests you might have based on your natural talent for a sport or creative outlet, the temperament you have, your patience, and in some people the addictive personality you could have. The nurture you experience in your childhood, teen years, and early adulthood ultimately shape you as a person. Based on the experiences & care you have from family, close family friends, or anyone who was given the ability to teach you or influence your upbringing.
Family plays the biggest role in your socialization as a child. Being the first group of people you ever come in contact with, they influence most if not all of the ways you will socialize through the coming years. Even as a child everything that is seen in your social skills can be found in your family more than any other social agent. Depending on your parents’ childhood, teenage years, and young adult life your socialization is a direct result. A family’s social standing is also a big factor in a child’s socialization and the characteristics instilled in them. Poor families are more likely to teach their children more people/survival skill centered socialization. Things like obedience, compassion, and conformity would most likely be where it starts in a child’s life. While in wealthier families a child might be more often taught good and bad judgment, creativity, and their potential in education. A family is also the first place a child learns of gender roles, seeing which parent (if any) is a stay at home during their early years, what kind of jobs the mom and dad have, and what both parents bring to the table in the family and how it works. Peer Groups are a close second to being the most important part of a child’s socialization. This group teaches you things like how to play a game or how to write your name in cute ways like the girl next to you in class. But they also teach you bigger things like showing you who you want to be, what you like in friends, and what ambitions/interests you want to have. The family’s influence can even be found in this part of your socialization. Whether you see it fully based on who is around and who is not in your group or if it is subconsciously found in the characteristics of the people in your group. Lastly, Media is the 3rd most important influence of your socialization as a child. Things like the tv shows, movies, books, magazines, and internet exposure all play roles in showing you what your role in society is (“that’s just how it is”). Young boys are shown they are the hero, the troublemaker, they don’t HAVE to be smart, the football player, the womanizer, and really anything they set their mind to. Young girls are shown a more vulnerable side that boys are taught through media makes them weak. Girls are shown they are the princess, the fixer, the smart one, the cheerleader (either sports wise or metaphorically), to romanticize everything, and that they too can do what they want but… In a more “this is how it is” way. I think media plays a big part in a young boy and girls socialization, especially if that boy or girl feels like they don’t fit into the norms of the media they see. Which then causes them to feel out of place, alone, and to withdraw from certain groups or kinds of socialization.
Resocialization is when old behaviors from a previous role are removed because they are not useful in a new social role. The most stressful form of socialization and the most degrading, with a ceremony actually called the degradation ceremony, resocialization causes you to become accustomed to a person’s rules while being or feeling completely taken out of society. Going to a boarding school, transitioning into a senior citizen home, joining the military, and going to jail are all examples of resocialization. The two steps to resocialization always start with the previously mention Degradation Ceremony. A person must be stripped of their old identity to take up a new one that fits the new social situation. When an elderly woman leaves her home, belongings, and memories that made her who she is to move into a senior home she is stripped of her identity. Just like when a new prisoner has his rights, freedom, and belongings taken from him in an effort to strip away his current identity. After the first stage, you then have to learn how to adapt to your new social standing and how to move forward in life during and after your time there. Prisoners reconnecting with the world after a sentence in jail is an example of finding another new identity in society while also applying the things you learned with your resocialization experience. Most people have a hard time sliding back into society after being resocialized, but some can easily come back and flourish in their new life.
Primary and secondary groups are the two common groups you will definitely have in your life. Primary groups are filled with the people you will emotionally connect with long term, the ones you will look to and want around for support, love, and happiness. This group is the most influential and important to a person’s life. Some find their family here, other’s have close friends and significant others. For me, my primary group had all those things but sometimes your group transitions or goes through an evaluation period, that’s where I’m at. Now your secondary group is where your goal orientated relationships can be found. Ones like your coworkers from the office, the students in your class, or the people on your sports team are all in your secondary group. There’s not really much of an emotional connection with these people and they do not have one with you. You’re all there for what the other person brings to getting closer to your common goal.
Technological Inequality is when the aftermath of technology not being spread evenly to different countries around the world. The 2 main issues that come out of this are Digital Divide which is when there is an uneven acess to the internet and technology among people of different race, social class, in different parts of the world. And the Knowledge Gap, what happens when there is an ongoing and increasing knowledge gap between those who can learn with technology and those that have a minimum to no experience with it. Even at the age of 8 kids in America have a way better understanding of technology and the things learned using it than kids of the same age in a poverty-stricken town in another country. The same goes for a woman in a receptionist position in America who uses a computer and typing skills every day than a woman with the same job with temporary to no computer access in another geographical location.
Deviance an act of violating established cultural or social norms can be found in small acts like a woman walking around her suburbian town with her head shaved and tattoos from the top of her head to the soles of her feet. A criminal act that is not deviant can be seen as the act of drug dealing which is illegal but also not unknown to society, just like murder or stealing. The acts would be known as deviance if they were something society had never had to deal with before, drug dealing is a social norm along with murder and shoplifting.