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SOC101: Unit 4 Discussion


#1
  1. Describe the differences between single parents, cohabitation, same-sex couples, and unmarried individuals. Who are some famous (or infamous) people that can be used as examples for each of these categories?

  2. What are some conclusions one can draw from the fact that there is a growing single population?

  3. Explain how Karl Marx and Émile Durkheim view religion. How are their views similar? How are they different?

  4. What are some manifest and latent functions of education? Provide examples.

  5. How would a conflict theorist evaluate education in American public schools? How might this affect factors contributing to the dropout rate for high school students?

  6. Define and differentiate between power, authority, and different types of authority. Provide examples.

  7. Describe the current United States’ workforce and the trend of polarization. What are some examples in which we are seeing these trends occur?


#2
  1.  Describe the differences between single parents, cohabitation,
    

same-sex couples, and unmarried individuals. Who are some famous (or infamous)
people that can be used as examples for each of these categories?

Single parents involve children; the parent either
male or female may be married before and divorced, widowed or even has not
married at all. Their marriage if applied could have been either same –sex or opposite
sex. Cohabitation means tow unmarried people living together involving sexual
relationship. They may to may not marry in the future, the motivation for cohabitation
is either to decrease living costs or maintain closer relationship. Same sex
couples may be known as married or not due to laws in each country, depending
on this they may or may not have the right to have children in their lives. And
unmarried individuals define those that lives alone they may or may not have
been married before.

  1.  What are some conclusions one can draw from the fact that there
    

is a growing single population?

There are other options available to be in a
relation beside marriage.

  1.  Define and differentiate between power, authority, and different
    

types of authority. Provide examples.

Power is the ability to exercise one’s will on
others. And authority is the acceptance of power. Traditional authority like
that of royal family of England, charismatic authority as Napoleon’s and rational
authority as police officer’s are type of authorities.


#3

Single parent: a parent who cares for their children on their own, e.g. Britney Spears
Cohabitation: when a couple lives together (with or without children) but is not married, e.g. Tim Burton and Helena Bonham Carter
Same-sex couples: couples made up of people who are both the same gender, may or may not be married, cohabiting or raising children, e.g. Elton John and David Furnish
Unmarried individuals: people who are not married and are not raising children, e.g. Emma Watson

Social norms are changing so that it is more acceptable to remain single, and people are taking the opportunity to focus on other areas of their lives first/instead

Durkheim believed religion encouraged social cohesion, while Marx believed religion was inseparable from capitalism and therefore promoted inequality. However, they both recognised the centrality of religion to society.

Manifest: teaching to read and write, teaching facts about science, history, geography, etc., teaching to work to deadlines, in groups and in a timetabled system, preparing youth for work
Latent: social skills, learning unofficial rules of things like courtship and making friends

Education in American public schools contributes to inequality because wealthier students have better access to resources outside of schools, and schools in wealthier (and whiter) areas tend to receive better funding and can, therefore, employ better teachers and provide better equipment and other resources.
Because they are not provided with the highest quality education, students in less-well-funded and lower quality schools may be more likely to drop out as they feel that they could receive better opportunities elsewhere, e.g. on-the-job training. Others may drop out because they are more likely to have commitments outside of school, e.g. contributing to household income, caring for siblings, which they are unable to balance with schoolwork.

Power: the ability to exercise one’s will over others
Authority: accepted power
Charismatic authority: authority inspired by an individual’s personality
Traditional authority: authority comes from long-held cultural traditions and customs
Legal-rational authority: authority is a result of the office the person holds - it is the office rather than the individual person which has authority

Just under a sixth of the US workforce is comprised of legal immigrants, and more and more women are joining the workforce, with better qualifications than before. The workforce is still recovering for the recession. The workforce is becoming more outsourced and automated, as well as polarised; the majority of job openings are at the highest and lowest levels, with few opportunities for those with mid-level qualifications.
Outsourcing can be seen in large company customer service: call centres are often in Asia or Eastern Europe
Automation can be seen in the auto industry, as well as many other factory-based industries


#4
  1. Single parents consist of either a father or a mother that takes care of his or her children. Sandra Bullock is an example of a single parent who his taking care of her two children by herself. Cohabitation is where a couple is living together but not married. Diane Kruger and Joshua Jackson both share a residence but are not married. Same sex couples are couple that are either both female or both male. Ellen Degeneres and Portia de Rossi are an example of a same sex couple. Unmarried individuals are usually just single people. There are a lot of unmarried celebrities but the most famous was George Clooney who, for a while, wanted to stay single until he eventually married Amal Alamuddin.
  2. The economy can be a major factor in the growing single population of the U.S. Being single means less spending and less financial responsibility.
  3. Émile Durkheim believed religion brings people together to promote behavior consistency and offers strength during life’s transitions and tragedies. He believed that the source of religion shows common values in a society and that these values need to be maintained to maintain social stability. Karl Marx believed religion reflects the social stratification of society and that it maintains inequality. He says religion was just an extension of working-class’s economic suffering. Both believed that religion was needed in society for its members to connect and share their beliefs and values. However, Durkheim believed that religion is needed to maintain society while Marx believed it to cause inequality between other members.
  4. Manifest functions are the ones that society intends institutions to have. While latent functions are the ones that are not intended, but come about. A manifest function in education would be for a school to socialize students to be well informed for the real world. A latent function in education would be the interactions between peers of certain rules that are followed but not intended.
  5. A conflict theorist believes that schools cause social inequalities due to the difference between class, gender, race, and ethnicity. They believe it pushes people of lower statuses into obedience. A major factor for the drop out rate of high schoolers is family economic needs. Students from lower socioeconomic status come from poorer families that need them to contribute financially to their family’s. Some students have to take on full time jobs to help keep their family afloat and are forced to push their education aside.
  6. Power is the ability to direct or influence the behavior of others the course of events. Authority is the ability to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience. There are different types of authority. Traditional, which could be patriarchy. Charismatic, like Martin Luther King, Jr. and Legal-Rational, such as the U.S presidency and Congress.
  7. An example of polarization in the workforce is the dispersion of wages between high and low paying jobs. White collar workers have jobs that are considered more important and are thus paid more. While blue collar workers are considered less skilled and then paid less. This is causing a gap between the two groups.

#5

Single parents is a mother or father of a child. Jonny Depp is a single father that shares the care of his children with his x wife.
Cohabitation is a couple living together in the same house hold as a couple that are not married.
same sex couple are two people of the same sex. can both be male or female . Elton John and David Furnish
have been a same sex couple for eight years and are planning on getting married.
Unmarried individuals is a is a single person. Oprah is a single person, her show was her love.

The growing single population is the result of not having to be married to cohabit ate and having a family.

Marx believed religion has inequalities and religion was just an extension of working classes economic
suffering, also was inseparable from capitalism.
Durkheim believed religion brought people together to promote common values. These values were needed to maintain social stability.
Both believed that religion brought people together to connect and share beliefs and values.

Manifest: teaching to read and writing, teaching the facts. teaching deadlines, working in groups and time line systems ,preparing for the working class.
Latent: learning social skills, dating and making friends.

Conflict theorist believe American education contributes to inequality the wealthier students have access to better resources and receive funding and hire better teachers.
Because they do not receive the better resources and lack of better teachers. the less funded students feeling of being left uneducated and forgotten. Others dropout to help contribute to the household income.

Power: the ability to exercise one’s will over others
Authority: accepted power
Charismatic authority: inspired by ones personality
Traditional authority: comes from long-held customs , values and cultural traditions
Legal-rational authority: is an office a person holds, the office not the individual holds the authority

Polarization in the workforce is the depression of wages of wages between high and low paying jobs.White
collar workers have that are more important and re paid more. Usually have better education.Blue collar workers are considered less educated work less skilled jobs and paid less. This is causing a gap in between the two groups. .


#6
  1. Describe the differences between single parents, cohabitation, same-sex couples, and unmarried individuals. Who are some famous (or infamous) people that can be used as examples for each of these categories?

Single parents are any humans that have a child, but no spouse. Cohabitation are any two people that live together, but aren’t married. Same sex couples are couples that of the same sex. Unmarried individuals are individuals that aren’t married.

  1. What are some conclusions one can draw from the fact that there is a growing single population?
    One conclusion that can be made is that people aren’t getting married as often as before.

  2. Explain how Karl Marx and Émile Durkheim view religion. How are their views similar? How are they different?
    Karl Marx viewed religion as something that promotes inequality and separation. Emile Durkheim view religion as something that keeps people together. Though they both believed that religion is needed in the society.

  3. What are some manifest and latent functions of education? Provide examples.
    Manifest education is structured learning like school. Latent education is unstructured learning like social norms.

  4. How would a conflict theorist evaluate education in American public schools? How might this affect factors contributing to the dropout rate for high school students?
    Conflict theorist evaluate education as a way that adds to the in equality gap. That creates a lot of tension between the students which can be a factor in the high school drop out rate.

  5. Define and differentiate between power, authority, and different types of authority.
    Power is the ability to use one’s will over others. Authority is a traditional use of power over others.