Sociology Unit 2 Assignment

  1. What is the difference between culture and society? Please provide some examples.**

Culture represents the shared practice, values, beliefs and norms by the people within the society. People are interconnected by those commons’ cultural practices for society to function.

A Society is a group of people that live in the same area that shares a community and cultural values, beliefs and practices.

  1. Discuss the roles nature and nurture play in the formation of the individual.

Both nature and nurture play a massive role in a person’s life. For example, our genetic components are responsible for the inherent nature, e.g. temperaments that we take on from our mum and dad that make us who we are. Nurture, on the other hand, is our social surrounding, including the care that we receive from our families. Nurture in Important in our social connections/interaction because it exposes us to learn about society, socially acceptable values and norms.

  1. Discuss how each of the following influence the socialisation process in children: family, peers, and media.

A Family is number one significant influence that we have in our life. It has a tremendous social impact on us because it is where a child gets exposed to learn about what is acceptable and what is not in society.

Peers social group are also vital in the child’s life because it is where the child learns socially acceptable or vice-versa behaviours by observing others and do what could make them fit in within their peers’ group. Peers socialisation group can have either a negative or positive impact on the child, for example, if a child hooks up with the wrong peer’s social group where some get involved in socially unacceptable behaviours, that can have a bad influence on the child.

Media is a fast-growing flatform of which physical, social interaction is limited. For example, teenagers’ social interact group base on either twitter, Instagram or Facebook where they are texting and circulate what is trending without physically talking face to face. With these social media platforms, many get connected with people from different part of the world of which they hear or see news of the other countries.

4. Define and discuss resocialization.

Resocialization is a process where a person gave up his/her old way of doing things or certain unlearned behaviours and replaced them with expected ones within one’s current institutes. Resocialization is a stressful process. For example, the migrant who has no choices but to leave their own country and resettled in a new country due to war faces resocialization because they must unlearn some of their old rules or ways of doing things and learn new ones.

5. Define primary and secondary groups. Then, provide some examples of primary and secondary groups in your social experience.

The primary group are those influential individuals that care about us. The ones that we relate to emotionally or engage face-to-face for the long term. For example, Family and close essential friends are our primary group. The primary group also referred to as significant others, the one that has the most impact on our lives.

Secondary group, on the other hand, refers to the large group that our relationship with base more on task-centred rather than an emotional one. The secondary group does not have much emotional impact on our lives apart from general roles/tasks that bring us together, e.g. work’s colleagues and sport team members.

6. Explain technological inequality and issues related to unequal access to technology. Please provide some examples.

Technology inequality is when everyone does not have the same technology access due to class differences of which some people from the lower class cannot afford technology while upper-class can. Technology inequality could occur in the education system. Children from affluent families get access to a better school where they can get exposed to technology while children from low-income families cannot afford, which can create a gap in technology knowledge which can lead to opportunities disadvantages.

7. Provide examples of acts that are deviant but NOT criminal; and criminal but NOT deviant.

A deviant act is when someone violates the society socially acceptable norms — for example, taking something that does not belong to you without the owner permission or wearing inappropriate clothes in public. This act to could lead to informal sanctions from others.

A criminal act is when someone violates society law and commit an act that victimises or hurt others — for example, violently hurting someone or robbery.

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